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    TRANSCRIPT: QUESTION: Your Majesty, how much did Your Majesty have to do with Japan's decision to end to war in 1945? And what were the factors that motivated your Majesty?

    HIROHITO: I have received many reports for the Cabinet before making that decision and at the conference held in my presence there are many arguments (and no argument overcame??) and the Cabinet requested no to make the decision. So, I had to make that decision. My motives were the fact that the Japanese people were suffering from a shortage of food and many deprivations owing to the war and I thought the continuation of the war would only bring about more misery upon our people. That was my motive in deciding...making that decision.

    QUESTION: Er, perhaps this is incorrect, but, one has the impression, Your Majesty, that the Emperor of Japan leads what might be called a sheltered life, or to use a word that His Majesty used, a secluded life, How aware are you, Your Majesty, of the changes that are taking place beyond the Palace walls? And how do these changes strike you? Does Your Majesty think them desirable?

    HIROHITO: I'm trying to make trips to all parts of the country whenever the occasion arises and to meet as many people as possible and to hear any things from them. I'm watching television, I'm reading newspapers and I think I'm getting a knowledge of what is going on outside the Palace. A lot...and I'm trying to preserve the tradition of the Imperial household, and yet let the fresh air into the household. (over question)...so the knowledge I am gaining this way.

    QUESTION: Will your Majesty tell us of your hopes for your visit to the United States...what you hope it will accomplish. And what you would like the American people to understand about it.

    HIROHITO: During my visit to the United States I'd like to meet the President and many other people of the United States and just to promote friendly relations between the two countries. I hope that these friendly relations will continue for many years to come. I deeply appreciate the deep understanding of the people of the United States of Japan and the Japanese people.

    QUESTION: Would His Majesty say why he has waited so long before visiting the United States?

    HIROHITO: I had to wait for this opportunity to come, until now, for these reasons, including some very unfortunate events in the meantime.

    QUESTION: Your Majesty, one has read of various attempts that you made in the late 1920's and the 1930's to put some limit on the acts and the ambitions of the Japanese military. Would your Majesty comment on this?

    HIROHITO: I may say that it is a fact that if I should say..explain it to you in detail, in concrete terms, (unintell: that would cause merely the percussions??) and I would like to refrain from doing it at this moment.


    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

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