INTRODUCTION: The Berlin Wall in East Germany was exactly twenty years old on Thursday (13 August).
AV Berlin Wall.
GV PULL BACK Wall from ground level.
GV Bus driving near wall.
CU FADE TO GV Barbed wire and East German soldiers erecting fence. (2 SHOTS)
SV PULL BACK TO GV Concrete partitioning being placed in position by crane.
SV PULL BACK TO GV Lookout tower with armed East German guards.
SV Allied checkpoint.
SV Plague with details of wall.
SV Grafitti on wall. (2 SHOTS)
SV PAN ZOOM IN Police van passes wall with grafitti.
SV & GV More grafitti on wall. (3 SHOTS)
SV PULL BACK TO GV Walled area of the city.
GV Anniversary posters.
GV ZOOM TO CU Memorial crosses to those who died trying to cross wall.
SV PULL BACK TO GV Private gardens that back onto wall, children on swings with wall in background. (3 SHOTS)
GV & SV British motorised patrol (3 SHOTS)
GV & SV PULL BACK TO GV East German guard tower, British dragoons on patrol. (2 SHOTS)
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Background: INTRODUCTION: The Berlin Wall in East Germany was exactly twenty years old on Thursday (13 August). And the anniversary was observed by communities on both sides. In the Eastern sector red flags and banners decorated almost every street corner. On the Western side, the occasion was being marked by a three-day fast involving former East German citizens. They were demanding that relatives be allowed to join them. Hundreds of demonstrators were also parading in protest against the continuing existence of a concrete and barbed wire barrier that divides the city.
SYNOPSIS: It has always been known as the Berlin Wall. In fact, there are two walls about three metres high. In between there's a guarded area up to 200 metres wide, constantly lit and watched.
The divide was erected in 1961 by the East Germans, hoping to stem the flow of thousands of people across to the West. Despite guards, dog patrols and barbed wire people still try to breach the wall. Last November, a pregnant woman was shot dead attempting to escape.
The defences are constantly being repaired or added to in the hope that guards manning strategically-placed observation towers will be better able to spot anyone trying to reach the west.
Facing the East German guards are a number of Allied Forces checkpoints, also monitoring any activity in the immediate vicinity.
Those that have escaped their notice are the grafitti artists. Some of the daubings are serious, including slogans like "Prison wall" and "death alley". Sometimes they're cynical. One reads "Warning, East German High Jump training area". And in the last few years a note of hunour has crept in. One particular slogan reads, "Jump over and join the party".
But even this sort of humour cannot erase the fact that Hitler's former capital is now a city of two distinct communities. There is no better example of the difference than the way each has reacted to this particular anniversary.
On the Western side they publicly and poignantly remember those who have died crossing the wall. So far the death toll stands at 72.
People on both sides live with this reminder of the months following the war. Then, the city was carved up into sections under the control of the various Allied armies and the Soviet forces, who were the first to arrive.
Thirty years later soldiers still patrol the city streets near the wall. For British units like this one, there's a lot of ground to cover. The wall forms a rough circle of some 166 kilometres enclosing West Berlin.
Each day, the East Germans man their guard towers while British, French and United States forces help maintain a Western presence deep in the heart of alien territory.