INTRODUCTION: Turkey's military leader, General Kenan Evren, has pledged to return the country to democratic rule, but warns his junta will not submit to either internal or foreign pressure.
GVs & CUs (1933: B & W) Turkey's former President Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, in military uniform, taking salute during tenth anniversary ceremony of Turkish Republic (4 shots)
GVs (1981: COLOUR) Military leaders, headed by present military junta leader, General Kenan Evren, following wreath on way to Ataturk Mausoleum in Ankara (3 shots)
GV INTERIOR Mausoleum where General Evren places wreath and salutes
SV INTERIOR General Evren writing in Book of Honour
GV PAN National Assembly Hall
CU PULL BACK TO GV Three presidents (1. to r.) Celal Bayar, Cevdet Sunay and Fahri Koruturk
SV Military Council in Assembly Hall
CU President Bulend Ulusu PULL BACK TO Cabinet members
SV General Evren on dais standing to attention
GV PAN Military Council members standing to attention
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Background: INTRODUCTION: Turkey's military leader, General Kenan Evren, has pledged to return the country to democratic rule, but warns his junta will not submit to either internal or foreign pressure. General Evren, who heads a five-man ruling National Security Council which seized power in September, was speaking at a ceremony in Ankara on Monday (5 January). It was the beginning of a year of celebrations to mark the 100th anniversary of the birth of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk who founded modern Turkey.
SYNOPSIS: Mustafa Kemal took the name Ataturk -- which means Father of the Turks -- in 1933, the same year he celebrated the tenth anniversary of the republic.
Today, 42 years after his death, insulting Ataturk's memory is punishable by a severe jail sentence. The years since 1938 have been tumultuous. General Evren's coup was the third military intervention in government since Ataturk died. All regimes have treated Ataturk's memory with respect. And on Monday, General Evren and his military council led the ceremonies to mark this centenary.
As General Evren placed a wreath at the Ataturk Mausoleum in Ankara, there was speculation he may have used the occasion to ease concern in the West about his intentions for modern Turkey.
But apart from a general pledge to return Turkey to parliamentary rule, General Evren was circumspect. The General has said that he will announce proposals for the restoration of democracy some time in 1981. He made the speech in the presence of three former presidents and foreign diplomats, the most select public gathering since the September coup.
The ceremony took place in the National Assembly building, emptied of parliamentarians when the junta took over. President Bulend Ulusu and his Cabinet remain faithful to the Ataturk ideals and hope to approve a constitution with provisions to avoid the type of political stalemate that preceded the coup. Those troubles included inflation, still running at one hundred percent; and unemployment, currently 20 percent.