One of the key African Nationalist leaders in Jamaica for the Commonwealth Summit Conference was Joshua Nkomo, of Rhodesia.
SV Nkomo being interviewed
TRANSCRIPT: SEQ. 2: REPORTER: "Mr. Nkomo, why have you come to Jamaica for the conference?"
NKOMO: "I came to Jamaica at the request of the Prime Minister of Jamaica, to join my colleagues of the A.N.C. to talk to various head of Government of the Commonwealth, on the problems of my country.
And as you know the Commonwealth includes Britain which has final responsibility for governing the problems of Zimbabwe.
And among the members there are also members of the O.A.U. who have taken an active part in assisting us with a solution to the problems of our country.
REPORTER: "Is there any truth in the rumour that Mr. Sithole tried to kill you?"
NKOMO: "The rumour from the wrong sources, it came from the Smith regime. One wonders why the Smith regime has become my protector. If they had anything against the Revered Sithole, one would have expected them to tell him. But they did not. That would seem to show that this is a method of dividing us, and destroy the unity that we have."
So we are sceptical about this, and I'm sure both of my colleagues who support the Reverend Sithole together with me have the same view.
REPORTER: "What in your opinion will be the outcome of negotiations with the Smith Government?"
NKOMO: That would be very difficult to say what the results would be, but if one is to gather the attitude of the regime since it seized what they call independence, one cannot see any real, useful outcome from such talks. But we believe ourselves that the only solution will come at a conference summoned by Britain and attended by Africans and Smith if he so desires, and if he doesn't then a conference between the people of my country and Britain to hand over the country, back to the people of Zimbabwe - and that, that is the solution.
REPORTER: "If all else fails, will you go to war on this?"
NKOMO: "I don't know what you mean by war. Our people, like any other people in the world, will not stand by and remain oppressed by other people. The natural feeling of all oppressed people is to fight against oppression. So our people are no exception. They'll do everything in their power, whatever that is, that will help in liberating them from oppression. This is a natural thing-other people have shown it in the last ten years, that they can stand up against oppression. It is natural they will stand up and liberate themselves. There's no alternative, but that."
Initials BJB/2200 BJB/2240
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Background: One of the key African Nationalist leaders in Jamaica for the Commonwealth Summit Conference was Joshua Nkomo, of Rhodesia.
During the conference, many important decisions were made by Commonwealth Heads of State concerning the future of Rhodesia.
Speaking to newsmen after the conference had ended, Mr. Nkomo commented on the support given by the leaders of the Commonwealth.
He said the only solution to his country's problems would come at a conference summoned by Britain and attended by Africans and Mr. Ian Smith, the Rhodesian Prime Minister. But he made it clear that black majority rule will emerge even if Mr. Smith does not co-operate in talks.
He said his people would fight against oppression, and "stand up and liberate themselves."