INTRODUCTION: In the continuing war between Iran and Iraq, the civilian population remains in the front line.
TRACKING SHOT Bombed village.
SV & GV Bomb damaged building. (2 SHOTS)
CU PULL BACK THEN CU Women with wounded children.
SV PAN Villagers.
SV Dead child.
SV Dead animal.
CU PULL BACK TO GV Bombed building.
SV Women crying.
TRACKING SHOT ZOOM TO Baby's cot, bomb damage.
GV Dead mule.
SV Bomb damage.
GV Villagers standing outside bomb damaged homes. (2 SHOTS)
CU Wailing woman.
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: INTRODUCTION: In the continuing war between Iran and Iraq, the civilian population remains in the front line. Both sides have been accused of causing civilian casualties with bombing and shelling. Recently the Iranians accused the Iraqis of attacking so-called "soft" targets like schools and mosques. In film just received, we see some of the consequences of the Iraqi campaign.
SYNOPSIS: It is villages like this that show the tragic side of war. Buildings lie in ruins, animals are dead, the economy and social life of the settlement have been shattered. But worst of all is the human cost.
For these distraught mothers, the war must seem senseless. They are inhabitants of Khuzestan - one of the provinces of Iran in the centre of the battle. Iraq says the people of Khuzestan, who are Arabs, are oppressed by the Iranian authorities. They say the Khuzestanis resent the influx of Persians who have come to dominate the province.
The war began last September over an Iraqi claim that territorial concessions agreed in 1973 had never been implemented. Iraq launched a series of attacks following border skirmishes, and made considerable inroads into Iranian territory. Soon, however, the attack began to lose momentum, and little movement has been recorded in recent weeks. But the suffering continues.
There have been many attempts at mediation, but little progress has been made so far. One ray of hope came in a statement on Monday (2 March) by Iran's armed forces chief, General Valiolla Fallahi. He said Iran would consider an unconditional ceasefire to enable the Iraqis to withdraw. But Iraqi President Saddam Hussein has said that Iraqi troops will not be withdrawn until after negotiations have taken place.
Meanwhile the fighting continues and the civilians mourn.