The United States and the Soviet Union were among 20 countries setting out their views on disarmament at a three-day conference of the Socialist International in Helsinki.
GV Street and hotel
CU Intercontinental hotel sign
GV INT Delegates moving about
SV & CU Soviet delegates talking (2 shots)
SV Soviet delegate, Boris Ponomarev, talks to American delegate, James Leonard (2 shots)
SV Boris Ponomarev seated at table
SV U.S. Deputy ambassador to the United Nations, James Leonard seated at table
GV Conference room (4 shots)
Mr. Leonard accused European countries of being passive about disarmament. He said "I may be wrong, but I have the impression that most of the activity here is simply exhortation addressed to the two superpowers and their strategic nuclear competition. This is, of course, rather easy. It is much more difficult for a citizen or official in your countries to give serious thought to arms control solutions for your own security problems"
The Soviet delegate, Mr. Ponomarev, was critical of aspects of the Socialist International and some of its members. he proposed it should co-operate more closely with the Soviet Communist Party. Mr. Ponomarev suggested a Socialist International delegation should be sent to Moscow; and he suggested a press meeting between Social-Democratic and Communist journalists and a disarmament conference, also in Moscow.
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Background: The United States and the Soviet Union were among 20 countries setting out their views on disarmament at a three-day conference of the Socialist International in Helsinki. The meeting opened on Monday (24 April).
SYNOPSIS: The conference did not aim to produce a consensus on the thorny question of disarmament, but gave delegates a chance to express their views. It was attended by the British Foreign Secretary, Dr. David Owen, and the former West German chancellor, Herr Willi Brandt. The agenda was drawn up with next month's United Nations General Assembly disarmament debate specifically in mind. The conference began with addresses by the Soviet delegate, Mr. Boris Ponomarev, and the United States deputy ambassador to the U.N., Mr. James Leonard. Mr. Ponomarev, the head of the International Department of the Communist Party secretariat, stressed the importance of co-operation between Communists and Social Democrats in the effort to reduce armaments. He indicated differences on the subject between the United States and the Soviet Union, but said good-will could overcome these.
Mr. James Leonard, the United States delegate, said the chances of a new Strategic Arms Limitation agreement were good, but Americans tended to be suspicious of Soviet motives. Mr. Leonard added that the United States senate would need a great deal of persuasion to ratify a new SALT treaty.