VARIOUS LOCATIONS, JAPAN AND SOUTH KOREA
South Korean President Chun Doo Hwan will be in Japan on September 6 for the first ever visit by a South Korean head of state to its former colonial ruler.
VARIOUS LOCATIONS, JAPAN AND SOUTH KOREA
1. VISNEWS LIBRARY. TOKYO, JAPAN, AUGUST 2, 1984; SVs & GVs riot police in action during mock assassination attempt and mock riot; they "disarm" would-be assassin and clash with other police during mock battle (7 shots) 0.25
2. TANAKA: AUGUST, 1984: GV & SVs Locked gate in front of guesthouse where President Chun will stay while in Tokyo; guards outside and police buses (3 shots) 0.33
3. NHK. TOKYO: AUGUST 1984: GV & SVs North Koreans at rally to oppose alien registration procedures; marching in street (5 shots)
4. TOKYO: AUGUST 1984: GV & SVs sign at Alien Registration Centre; boy, newly turned 16, registers and has his fingerprints taken for documents (4 shots) 1.05
5. TOKYO, AUGUST 1984: GVs AND SVs Street scenes in Korean commercial and residential area; dolls in Korean national costume in shop window; Korean Food Centre sign in shop and people buying food (5 shots) 1.24
6. VISNEWS LIBRARY: SEOUL, SOUTH KOREA: JANUARY 1, 1983: GV & SVs Japanese Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone is greeted by south Korean President Chun Doo-Hwan and other officials; Nakasone and Chun in vehicle, inspecting guard of honour (3 shots) 1.51
7. AT SEA, OFF JAPAN, NEAR ISLAND OF SAKHALIN: SEPTEMBER 2, 1983: AVS Japanese, United States and Soviet vessels at sea in search for wreckage of downed Korean Airlines jet (3 shots)
8. KIMPO AIRPORT, SEOUL: GV & SVs Altar at Airport; mourning relatives of aircraft victims; President Chun Doo-Hwan paying respects to relatives (4 shots) 2.09
9. MUTE TOKYO: AUGUST 1982: SVs & CUs Classroom, children and teacher; school textbooks; line in textbooks underlines, describing South Korean resistance, movement members as rioters; Japanese newspaper with photograph of Education Minister Heiji Ogawa; headlines in English in other newspapers about controversy over textbook changes (7 shots) 2.46
10. MONO: MUTE: 1945: GVs & SV Hundred of Japanese being searched, inoculated and disinfected; families crowding on to ship (5 shots) 2.59
11. MONO: MUTE: TOKYO, JAPAN: 1965: SVs & GVs Japanese and South Korean delegates at meeting; treaty to normalise relations between the two countries being signed; dignitaries look on; demonstration in the city's Hariba Park, opposing alleged U.S. pressure over treaty agreement; a protester burns U.S. flag (5 shots) 3.10
12. COLOUR: SOUND: TOKYO: 1973: GV TILT DOWN AND SVs Grand Palace Hotel, from where South Korean opposition leader Kim Dae Jung was abducted; police outside hotel (2 shots)
13. UNITED STATES: 1982: SV Journalists crowding around Kim Dae Jung 3.26
14. TOKYO: DECEMBER 26, 1973: SVs Japanese and Korean delegations at bilateral ministerial economic summit (2 shots) 3.32
15. SEOUL: SEPTEMBER 9, 1974: GV & SVs Riot police clash with demonstrators during anti-Japanese protest; protesters, with hands bandaged after having cut off their little fingers (5 shots) 3.46
16. TOKYO: JUNE 6, 1983: SVs South Korean students demonstrating outside their embassy, calling for a return of democracy to South Korea; police try to control protesters, protesters holding banner (5 shots) 4.02
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Background: VARIOUS LOCATIONS, JAPAN AND SOUTH KOREA
South Korean President Chun Doo Hwan will be in Japan on September 6 for the first ever visit by a South Korean head of state to its former colonial ruler. It marks the turning point in relations between the two nations. Japan's 35-year rule of Korea, which ended in 1945 at the close of World War Two, has now been branded as exceptionally harsh and statements by Japanese leaders in recent years have been taken as showing regret for this period of its between the two neighbours but there are still several bilateral issues which have yet to be resolved. The heavy trade deficit in Japan's favour and technology exchanges will be among the economic issues to be discusses during Chun's visit. Politically, Japan's official policy supports peaceful reunification of the two Koreas, but a united North and South could well pose a military and economic threat to Japan, given the history of animosity between the two peoples.
SYNOPSIS: Tokyo is preparing itself for the South Korean president's visit with the largest security operation in recent years. And the city's police force staged a mock riot recently to test their capabilities. President Chun escaped an assassination attempt in Burma last year. Two North Koreans were found guilty of attack. And Japan is determined that the risks this time will be minimised.
President Chun will be staying here while he is in Tokyo. Police presence around the palatial guest-house has been especially heavy.
An estimated 670,000 Koreans live in Japan. Many are descendants of those brought to Japan as forced labour during World War Two. Sections of the Korean community believe they are the victims of Japanese insensitivity and prejudice, many wounds from the colonial past still remain. Officially, they are treated as aliens and are required to register as such, from the age of 16, and to be fingerprinted every five years.
More than 80 per cent of the foreigners in Japan are Korean. the Korean community merges imperceptibly into Japan's cities and evidence of Korean culture and lifestyles is not difficult to find.
Last year, Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone became the first Japanese head of government to visit South Korea. It was an historic visit, and while in Seoul, Mr. Nakasone spoke about what he termed the "unhappy past" which linked the two countries.
In a further co-operative effort, Japanese vessels joined the search for those who died when a Korean Airlines (KAL) airliner was shot down in Soviet air space last year. Twenty-eight Japanese had been among the 269 passengers and crew on board the flight.
But efforts to cement relations faltered in 1982 when Japanese authorities revised history textbooks. The radical rewriting of the schoolbooks deleted references to atrocities by Japanese soldiers and the forced labour and prostitution of Koreans during the war. The changes caused an uproar throughout Asia but particularly among Koreans, who felt they had been treated especially harshly by their colonial masters.
More than 35 years of colonial rule ended with Japan's defeat at the end of the war in 1945. Japanese troops and their families were herded on to ships to leave Korea. The legacy they left has not vanished over the last four decades.
Twenty years passed before relations normalised between South Korea and Japan. The signing of a treaty in 1965 led to a slow rapprochement. Opposition to normalisation of relations was obvious in both countries. In Japan, student demonstrators alleged the US had pressured their government into signing the treaty.
In 1973, relations soured with the kidnap of South Korean opposition leader Kim Dae-Jung. In exile in Japan, he was abducted and taken secretly back to Seoul. The Japanese Government accused the Korean Central Intelligence Agency (KCIA) of engineering the kidnapping. Kim was imprisoned but later released.
The Kim kidnapping set off a wave of protests in Korea and Japan. The uproar caused a bilateral economic ministerial conference to be postponed repeatedly. It convened eventually and agreed upon a 90 million U.S. dollar low-interest loan to South Korea.
The assassination attempt on South Korean President Park in 1974 also sparked off violent protests. The president's wife died in the attack by a Korean man, who held a Japanese passport and had used a Japanese police pistol. In a ritual protest many demonstrators cut off their fingers, wrapping them in a Korean flag and unsuccessfully attempting to president them at the Japanese embassy in Seoul.
Korean militants in Japan continue their campaign to support opposition leaders in South Korea. And President Chun's visit was provided a focus for their protests. For Japan, 35 years of colonialism can hardly be ignored and the possibility of a formal apology from Emperor Hirohito remains a delicate issue. Seoul reportedly has asked for one.
Source: REUTERS LIBRARY, NHK AND REUTERS - KIMIAKI TANAKA