On October 5th, Zambian President Kenneth Kaunda declared that his country would become a one-party state before the end of this year.
GV & SV's Cheering crowds greet President Kaunda (5 shots)
MV Nkumbula out of car and greeted as Africans cheer (2 shots)
??? ???bula enters ??? and signa do???ment (4 shots)
MV Kapwapwe out of car as crowd cheers (2 shots)
SV, MV & CU's Crowd listening as Kapwepwe speaks (5 shots)
MV, SV & CU's People queuing & voting in referendum (6 shots)
GV Students and guests in audience
CU kaudna speaking as audience looks on (3 shots)
PRESIDENT KAUNDA: "We are now moving into a one-party perspective democracy. I am confident ... I am confident that this will give us a better chance to settle down to more hard and constructive work to build democratic institutions which are relevant to our values as an independent and sovereign nation. Our youth must join in the search for our national identity within the spirit of pan-Africanism and the world revolution."
THIS IS THE FIRST OF TWO FEATURES DEALING WITH ZAMBIA'S PROGRESS SINCE INDEPENDENCE. THE SECOND WILL DEAL WITH ZAMBIA'S ECONOMIC GROWTH
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: On October 5th, Zambian President Kenneth Kaunda declared that his country would become a one-party state before the end of this year. While no date has been set for the ending of the eight-year multiparty democratic system, President Kaunda has promised that the liberty of citizens would be unfettered when his United National Party become the only legal party.
The power to change the constitution to incorporate this one-party system into it, was vested in Parliament by a national referendum held in 1969. At that time a vast majority of the population gave support to the measure that would allow the National Assembly, by a two-thirds majority, to amend the constitution. President Candies United National Independence Party holds 88 seats in the 110-member body - more than the required majority.
Zambia's only registered opposition party, the African National Congress lad by Harry Mkumbula, is opposed to the introduction of the one-party system. On Thursday (26 October), Mr. Nkumbula was scheduled to appear in Zambia's Court of Appeal to ask for a ruling against the proposed move, because the says it would deprive individuals of their fundamental rights.
Nine members of a newly-formed United Peoples's Party, an unregistered group, also in opposition to the planned change in the Zambian political structure, were detained under the Zambian public security regulations last week (18 October). Formation of the new party was announced early this month, with its leaders drawn mainly form the hierarchy of the former Vice-President Simon Kapwepwe.
The United Progressive Party was banned some eight months ago and many of its members were detained. Mr. Kapwepwe is still under detention, though almost all the party's other leaders have since been released.
On Monday (23 October) President Kaunda commented in a nationwide broadcast on the detonations. He said the government had succeeded in "weeding out a bunch of a few dissidents. These had neither respect nor support form any honest and law-abiding citizen in Zambia."
President Kaunda has said that the move to a one-party state will help consolidate the nation and "give us a better chance to settle down to more hard and constructive work to build democratic institutions which are relevant to our values." This is how he summed up the situation at a speech to students earlier this year: