INTRODUCTION: In Afghanistan, rebel groups have stepped up their activities against Soviet-backed Afghan groups, according to reports reaching Islamabad, and Afghan defence minister Mohammad Rafie confirmed in an interview last week (5 February) that there was still unrest in parts of the country.
GV PAN Soviet military camp, AFGHANISTAN
GV Soviet officer and troops walking across narrow bridge
SVs Soviet troops digging trench with weapons on ground nearby (2 shots)
SV Soviet soldiers with weapons on shoulders
CU Soldier being interviewed
PAKISTAN: GV Laden refugees moving across lowland
TRACKING SHOT PAST Refugee camp beside roadway
CU Bearded man stroking chin
SV Refugees standing beside sign: "International Christian Aid: ICA, Pakistan"
SV Guerrillas with rifles (2 shots)
CU Refugees (2 shots)
GV Refugees near squat building
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Background: INTRODUCTION: In Afghanistan, rebel groups have stepped up their activities against Soviet-backed Afghan groups, according to reports reaching Islamabad, and Afghan defence minister Mohammad Rafie confirmed in an interview last week (5 February) that there was still unrest in parts of the country. Colonel Rafie told the East German And News Agency that the presence of Soviet forces was still indispensable for the security of the country to combat counter-revolutionary infiltration and aggression.
SYNOPSIS: In Kabul itself Soviet presence is not very conspicuous, but out in the countryside Soviet soldiers are frequently to be found improving roads and strengthening bridges. These young conscripts told a West German reporter that they had been invited to Afghanistan and were glad to have the opportunity to help their Afghan friends. They said they had not been involved in any military activity. Asked how they liked the country, they all said they loved the warm winter, but there was still no place like home.
Meanwhile there is still a steady flow of Afghan refugees into Pakistan. Exact figures are not known, as the men often head back into the mountains to fight. At present 1,200,000 people are housed in the camps and there's another quarter of a million camped wherever they can find shelter. It cost 25 million pounds (approx. 60 million dollars) to maintain these camps last year and relief organisations are appealing for urgent aid to cope with the increasing numbers.
There is still no sign of a united front among the tribesmen who complain that, although the rest of the world provided food and blankets, it does not give them the resources to fight the Soviet troops.