• Short Summary

    IN A BID TO STRENGTHEN HIS COUNTRY'S ECONOMY, PRESIDENT JOSE GOULART OF BRAZIL, HAS INSTITUTED A LAND REFORM PROGRAMME AIMED AT TURNING OVER LARGE PRIVATELY OWNED ESTATES TO THE PEASANTS.

  • Description


    FILM SHOWS THE ARMED OCCUPATION OF A SUGAR MILL AT RECIFE, IN EASTERN BRAZIL. THIS WAS THE SECOND TIME HE PEASANTS HAD OCCUPIED THE MILL; THE FIRST TIME THEY WERE ORDERED OFF THE LAND WHEN THE MILL OWNER TOOK THE MATTER TO COURT. IT ALSO SHOWS THE PEASANTS HOISTING THE BRAZILIAN AND RED FLAGS AND CUTTING DOWN A TREE FOR A ROAD BLOCK.




    Initials DS/N/AW/KN



    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: IN A BID TO STRENGTHEN HIS COUNTRY'S ECONOMY, PRESIDENT JOSE GOULART OF BRAZIL, HAS INSTITUTED A LAND REFORM PROGRAMME AIMED AT TURNING OVER LARGE PRIVATELY OWNED ESTATES TO THE PEASANTS. IT'S A BOLD AND AMBITIOUS SCHEME, BUT ONE WHICH HAS MET WITH CONSIDERABLE OPPOSITION FROM RIGHT-WING GROUPS, WHO CLAIM THAT THERE'S ENOUGH UNDEVELOPED LAND IN THE REPUBLIC TO GIVE THE PEASANT FARMERS FOR HOMESTEADING.

    THE FLOW OF ARGUMENT HAS HAMPERED THE DISTRIBUTION OF LAND SO GROUPS OF PEASANTS HAVE MOVED TO TAKE THINGS INTO THEIR OWN HANDS BY ATTEMPTING TO OCCUPY SOME LARGE ESTATES. LEFT-WING ELEMENTS HAVE BEEN ACCUSED OF ORGANIZING THE TAKE-OVER BIDS AND IN SOME PLACES THERE HAVE BEEN ARMED CLASHES.

    THE TAKE-OVER WAS LED BY LUIZ SERAFIM, A LOCAL COMMUNIST LEADER, AND THE MOVE APPEARED TO HAVE THE TACIT SUPPORT OF THE GOVERNMENT. HOWEVER, LOCAL OFFICIALS BEGAN NEGOTIATING WITH THE PEASANTS AND THEY AGREED TO WITHDRAW THE NEXT DAY (FEBRUARY 28).

    OBSERVERS IN BRAZIL SAY THAT THE PEASANT LEAGUES ARE EXPECTED TO CONTINUE THEIR EFFORTS T FORCIBLY TAKE-OVER PRIVATELY-OWNED LANDS WITH THE POSSIBILITY OF FURTHER VIOLENCE BETWEEN THEM AND THE ANTI-GOVERNMENT GROUPS.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVAA04OO78JM5G89FUTNFQ1R23ZT
    Media URN:
    VLVAA04OO78JM5G89FUTNFQ1R23ZT
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    03/03/1964
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:01:15:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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