Pakistan's "Old Man of the Mountains" -- Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan -- returned home at Christmas after sight years of self-exile in Afghanistan.
GV EXTERIOR..Street lined with red flags and supporters mobbing ???r (4 shots)
SV Red shirt leader escorted from car
GV Crowd assembled
SCU Ghaffar speaking (6 shots)
GV Ghaffar Khan helped from platform
Initials ES. 1535 ES. 1545
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Background: Pakistan's "Old Man of the Mountains" -- Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan -- returned home at Christmas after sight years of self-exile in Afghanistan.
Ghaffar Khan journeyed through the historic Khyoer Pase to spend his last years in the land of the Pathans, whose cause he championed in a campaign which earned him the soubriquet of "The Frontier Ghandhi" in pre-Partition India.
He was jailed both by the British and the Pakistanis over his agitation for an independent state of Pakhtoonistan -- a Pathan Homeland. His followers became known as the Redshirts, from their custom of dying their shirts with brickdust.
Eventually the Redshirts were outlawed, and Ghaffar Khan decided to leave. But he returned at last, telling a welcoming crowd in Peshwar he would support President Bhutto "If he wishes to build a new, progressive and prosperous society in Pakistan." He has also modified his nationalistic campaign, reducing his demand to a semi-autonomous state within Pakistan.
SYNOPSIS: Thousands of people crowded the streets of Torkham, on the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan, to see "the old man of the mountains" return home to Pakistan after eight years in self-imposed exile.
"The Old Man of the Mountains" is Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, known also as the Frontier Ghandi for his campaigning on behalf of the Pathan people. His vigorous agitation for an independent nation as a Pathan homeland, which he wanted called Pakhtoonistan, earned him jail sentences both from the British and the Pakistani authorities who succeeded them. When his party, officially called the Children of Good, but better known as the Redshirts, were banned, Ghaffar Khan exiled himself in Afghanistan.
But he returned at Christmas, modifying his demands to the formation of a Pathan state within Pakistan.