Mozambique's Marxist Government has announced a dramatic change in policy.
GV Streets scenes in capital, Maputo (2 shots)
GV Provincial building ZOOM IN TO large portrait of President Samora Machel
GV Street scene PAN TO people sitting on pavement and pedestrians walking past (3 shots)
GV & CU Large wall with revolutionary murals (3 shots)
SV Water swirling around damage bridge at Chokwe being repaired by Mozambicans (3 shots)
SV & CU Bomb damage to buildings (3 shots)
SV Workers outside cashew nut factory
SV & CU Women sorting cashew nuts inside factory (3 shots)
SV PAN Workers inside tyre manufacturing plant in Maputo (3 shots)
SV Grain harvesters inside industrial plant
CU & GV Maize fields with workers (3 shots)
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Background: Mozambique's Marxist Government has announced a dramatic change in policy. President Samora Machel has launched a campaign to attract foreign investment and reassure businessmen that he will allow private enterprise to play an important roe in the economy. In a four-hour speech on Tuesday (18 March) President machel said the end of the Rhodesian war would now allow Mozambique to turn its attention to the reconstruction of its internal economy.
SYNOPSIS: Although the streets of the capital, Maputo, bustle with activity, Mozambique has yet to overcome its economic problems. Shortly after coming to power in June, 1975, President Machel admitted that the country was in ruins. The sudden departure of nearly a quarter of a million Portuguese, after five centuries of colonial rule, disrupted economic life. There were severe shortages of basic foods, shops and factories were idle, and thousands Mozambicans were unable to find work Transforming a colonial society into a disciplined Marxist state proved to be a difficult task.
The wall murals reflect President Machel's continuing commitment to socialistic reform. But now there are to be radical changes in economy??? policy. The government is to withdr??? from small business and is inviting exiled Mozambicans to return and take them over. Nationalised industries will be expected to make a profit, and prices paid to farmers for produce will be increased to boost productivity.
Attempts to rebuild Mozambique's ruined economy were hampered until recently by frequent Rhodesian bombing raids. This bridge, part of an important export rail link, was badly damaged n September last year. Most of the Rhodesian attacks were directed at the Limpopo Valley -- the granary of Mozambique -- which produces over eighty percent of the nation's rice, as well as vegetables and meat. The opening of the Rhodesian border will mean an increase in the flow of export traffic to Mozambique's east coast ports.
Before independence, the nation's factories were run almost exclusively by the Portuguese, many of them managers and technicians. They left behind them a largely untrained workforce, and President Machel's Government was obliged to bring in foreign instructors to develop industrial and agricultural skills. Business is booming at this plant which produces one of Mozambique's best known products -- cashew nuts. But, until now prices paid to farmers were so low that many did not bother to grow crops for sale. More realistic prices are expected to boost production significantly.
This factory in Maputo produces about 145,000 tyres every year, worth twenty million (U.S.) dollars. Within two years, production is expected to increase, enabling the plant to export its products to other African countries such as Angola and Malawi.
President Machel now believes private businessmen and industrialists have an important part to play in restructuring his nation's economy and increasing the annual growth rate. So far, at least ten thousand Mozambican exiles have indicated that they want to return. President Machel has promised them a warm welcome -- provided they agree with Mozambique's socialist objectives.