INTRODUCTION: In Somalia, the Red Cross and two refugee organisations have supervised the moving of some five and a half thousand Ethiopian refugees from several camps to a more permanent and accessible one near the Ogaden border.
LV EXTERIOR Column of refugees walking across desert (2 shots)
SV Refugees with Red Cross banner with Red Cross official, Seth Barnes in front rank
GV Refugees at Red Cross checkpoint (3 shots)
GV Queue at Red Cross tent
GV Red Cross station and ambulances (2 shots)
GV Refugees outside Red Cross building
SV Governor of Hiran District (centre) talking with refugee officials
GV Refugees get into trucks (2 shots)
SV Children in back of truck
Trucks moving off (2 shots)
GV Red Cross truck
GV Refugees disembarking (2 shots)
LV Belongings on ground (2 shots)
The Governor of Hiran District had ordered that all private vehicles should help in the move. But lack of petrol and dreadful road conditions, meant that many refugees still had to walk. The Somali government has said it regards the refugees as temporary residents who will return to Ethiopia once the Ogaden is under Somali control. Four United States agencies, some ten Somali government missions, the European Economic Community (EEC) and more than 24 voluntary agencies are working on their behalf.
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Background: INTRODUCTION: In Somalia, the Red Cross and two refugee organisations have supervised the moving of some five and a half thousand Ethiopian refugees from several camps to a more permanent and accessible one near the Ogaden border. Somalia's refugee commission has reported that more than a million Ethiopian refugees were facing a severe water shortage in Somali camps. Relief agency officials have also predicted that the non-refugee population of Somalia will this year be at least half a million tonnes short of their food needs.
SYNOPSIS: These refugees have been living for about thee months in the camps of Farlebaax (pronounced Farleybah) and Defoe (pronounced Deffo) in Hiran District. They're walking to a pick-up point, where Red Cross were to collect them. The transfer followed talks between clan elders and Red Cross official, Mr. Seth Barnes, seen here in the white shirt.
Because they're farmers and nomadic, the refugees had at first been reluctant to move to the new place, Booco Camp (pronounced Boehoe), which they thought didn't have enough water for their needs.
A Red Cross station was one of check-in point. Many refugees did not want to re-register, because they'd already gone through that procedure. Officials and tribal elders conferred, and the Governor of Hiran District, in the centre of this group, told them emphatically they would be registered, and would be going to the new camp. So the process of boarding the trucks began.
Many children were loaded into the fleet of nineteen trucks for the journey that was to last for three days, taking them to the camp deeper inside Somalia. Co-ordinating the task with the Red Cross were the Somali National Refugee Commission and the United Nations High Commission for Refugees.
Early in February, the Somali government said refugees were pouring in at a rate of two thousand a day from East Ethiopia, where guerrillas are opposing the socialist government rule. Refugee camps in the region of Somalia around the Shabeli and Juba Rivers have been heavily hit because of drought. Aid workers fear refugees will become semi-permanent residents in Somali.