At Malacca Visnews recently filmed ponds and laboratories of South East Asia's first Fish Culture Research Station.
GV.PAN.Some of the 168 different sined ponds belonging to the Fish Culture Research Station.
Men collect specimens of fish from pond
S.TOP V.Net across pond for collecting fish.
SCU. Fish in net.
CU. Fish placed into bucket.
SV. Bucket placed on jeep.
SLV. Jeep drivers off.
SV. Sign "Fish Culture Research Station".
LV. The Research Station.
CU. Fish is taken from bucket.
SCU. Fish is dissected.
CU. Fish's stomach is examined.
SCU. Scientist measures fish.
SCU. Writes down statistics.
SV. Scientist identifies sex of fish.
LV.EXT.Fish are placed into breeding tanks.
LV. The fish culture ponds.
SV. Malayan empties bucket of newly hatched fish into pond.
CU. Fish tumble from bucket.
LV. Scientist throwing fish food into ponds.
GV. The Fish Culture Station. FADE OUT.
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: At Malacca Visnews recently filmed ponds and laboratories of South East Asia's first Fish Culture Research Station.
In villages, and towns of Malaya, ponds provide a source of income to the pond-fish breeder. But the high cost of fresh-water fish puts it beyond the reach of most housewives.
To solve this problem the Colonial Development and Welfare Fund built the Research Station on a 260-acre site, with 160 ponds of different sizes. Here fish are kept under conditions similar to those in the average Malayan Fish-pond, with the object of improving size and quality by better feeding and breeding methods.
Every two months fish are collected from the ponds and taken to laboratories to be measured and weighed. Growth rate data gives valuable information on the most suitable type of fish food, the appropriate number of fish to be kept in one pond, and the necessary size of the pond for more productive breeding.
Experiments also include cross-breeding of local and imported species to obtain a larger and tastier fish.
Scientists dissect specimens and examine their stomachs for reaction of the digestive organs to different types of algae and plant life. New fertilisers are thereby developed to boost fish food growth.
The African Tilapia Mossambica, used in Malacca for cross-breeding purposes, has been chosen by American scientists - because of its quick growth and easy breeding - for experiments aimed at producing permanent fish farms in space as supply depots for astronauts.
They are to be kept in sealed aquaria together with their natural food - oxygen producing algae which live by synthetising sunlight. In space's eternal sunlight, these algae would multiply rapidly, keep the water oxygenised, and provide food for the Tilapia.