As Libyans prepared to celebrate the first anniversary (on September 1) of the military coup which overthrew king Idris, thousands of Italians left the country.
GV Tripoli, PAN across harbour to Italian ships
SV newsman approaches car with Italians heading for port
MV Newsman speaks to Italian who replies (SOF)
CU package atop car
SV PAN car away
SV PAN various crates addressed to Italy
SV men by cases, ZOOM to CU painted address
SV forklifts working (2 shots)
MV Italians with escorts en route to custom shed
MV interior, custom men checking PAN to GV Customs examination
GV mobile conveyor with cases
MV Policemen patrol
GV cases hoisted onto ship
GV Junked cars at Wheelus Base
CU sign "Wheelus AB NCO Club" ZOOM to SV cars
CU sign on truck "Wheelus Riding Club"
CU car plate and tin cans
CU wine bottles, ZOOM to GV many bottles
SV TV newsmen being arrested by security police, PAN to other journalists
MV cameraman with policeman - moved to car
MV newsmen moved to car (2 shots)
CU driver of moving car
exposed film being run off
GV street scene - traffic passing
SV ZOOM to street sign with European text deleted
SV street sign ZOOM to CU with obliteration
GV ZOOM to SV shop with obliterated sign
SV ZOOM to GV U.S. oil co. office block
LV Esso Oil Co. building
MV Stallholder in market, ZOOM to his chinese suitcases
MV Luggage, tilt to whole display
SV street scene minus tourists
EDITORS: PLEASE REFER TO OUR STORY 8257//70 ON LIBYAN MILITARY PARADE SERVICED TODAY.
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: As Libyans prepared to celebrate the first anniversary (on September 1) of the military coup which overthrew king Idris, thousands of Italians left the country. Six weeks ago the Libyan Government announced that it was confiscating the property and assets of the 19,000 Italians in the country in retaliation for Italy's past colonisation.
In the three days before the anniversary of the coup well over 1,000 Italians embarked at Tripoli to return home. Many of then have lived in Libya since before the Second World War when the country was an Italian colony. Many of the Italians were searched before being allowed to board ship.
Traces of foreign influence have been disappearing fast in Libya since a group of young army officers toppled king Idris from his throne. An extensive "Arabisation" programme launched by the military leader under Colonel Muammar Gaddafi has resulted in the banning of non-arab signs at hotels, Tripoli's international airport, on shops and public places. Motorists who can not read Arabic can not read the name of the street along which they are driving.
The six Italian or English-language newspapers formerly appearing in Tripoli have ceased publication. Another item to disappear is alcohol. The sale of all wines an spirits has been banned by the country's 28-year old leader. Nightclubs too have been ruled out.
The future of commerce and industry in the country is in the balance since the Italians who ran much of it are expected to have all left by the end of this year. They are no longer eligible of licenses to trade or to follow a profession.
The past year has also seen the evacuation of the last military bases in Libya and the closure of the giant American Wheelus Base, outside Tripoli.
Since the discovery and exploitation of vast quantities of oil in the past ten years the 2,000,000 people in Libya have enjoyed one of the highest living standards in the Arab world. As the country moves towards a State-controlled economy a big questions marks hangs over the future of its rich oil industry.
During the shooting of this film a Dutch television team was detained. The cameramen who took these pictures was also arrested but kept his camera running as he was taken for questioning. The televisions men were late released.