INTRODUCTION: Members of Portugal's extreme right-wing movement marched through Lisbon on Tuesday (10 June), the country's National Day, to hold their annual rally in the centre of the capital.
GV Marchers chanting as they carry banners through streets. (2 SHOTS)
SV Demonstrators giving fascist salute.
SV PULL BACK TO GV Demonstrators flags at salute as crowds sing national anthem.
SV Crowds chanting as they carry flag. (2 SHOTS)
SV Demonstrators chanting and giving Fascist salute.
SV PULL BACK TO GV Demonstrators in Restauradores Square parading with flags.
SV Demonstrators chanting.
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Background: INTRODUCTION: Members of Portugal's extreme right-wing movement marched through Lisbon on Tuesday (10 June), the country's National Day, to hold their annual rally in the centre of the capital.
SYNOPSIS: Several hundred demonstrators marched through the streets shouting "death to the 25th". April 25th is the date of the Portuguese revolution which overthrew the right-wing dictatorship of Dr. Marcello Caetano seven years ago.
Dr. Caetano's fall from power was largely due to the drain of Portugal's economy by long wars against nationalist forces in the country's provinces overseas. The Junta of National Salvation came to office and promised liberal reforms, a civil government and free elections. But the conflict between right and left continued.
These demonstrators are a mixture of young people and veterans of the former rightist regime. Riot police were standing by but there was no violence.
Portugal's Prime Minister Francisco Pinto Balsemao said a military coup in the country would be impossible. He stressed that the overwhelming majority in the Portuguese armed forces were committed to democracy. Mr. Balsemao's confidence was in striking contrast with fears expressed after the 1974 revolution. It was then widely predicted the nation would turn to new dictatorships of the left or right or sink into anarchy. The Prime Minister is said to be much less concerned with right or left ideology than with modernising a nation which hopes to join the European Community in 1984.