INTRODUCTION: The United Nations General Assembly has decided to call on the Security Council to step up economic sanctions against South Africa.
GV INTERIOR U.N. General Assembly
SV Ethiopian Deputy Permanent Representative, Alemayehu Seifu speaking in English
SCU Cuban Permanent Representative Raul Roa-Kouri speaking in Spanish
SOUTH AFRICA: CU Foreign Minister Pik Botha speaking in English
SPEECH ON FILM (TRANSCRIPT)
SEIFU: (SEQ 2): "Mr. President, the process of negotiations has obviously been initiated as a means to a peaceful resolution of the Namibian question. Through the treachery and duplicity of the South African regime, this process has failed, as has been finally proven in Geneva during the so-called pre-implementation meetings. There is, therefore, no point in further pursuing it. Indeed, now is the time to initiate the long-delayed process of enforcement under Chapter Seven of the Charter. At this point, it must be made clear to those who want to resurrect the dead process of negotiation, that we cannot agree to convert the negotiating process into an objective to be pursued permanently and continually, irrespective of its potential, or actual, results."
REPORTER: "Mr. Botha, the debate in the meantime on possible sanctions against South Africa goes on. What do you think will happen?"
BOTHA: (SEQ 5): "Judging from the present mood, I think that the radicals in the General Assembly will press for sanctions against South Africa. But the General Assembly is not empowered, in terms of the Charter, to issue sanctions, to impose sanctions. So I think that they will probably now decide to forward a request to the Security Council to impose sanctions against South Africa, or to take other punitive measures against South Africa. I expect that there would be a veto in present circumstances in the Security Council, to block the sanctions proposals. I'm not certain; I'm giving you may assessment at the present time. It must be remembered that sanctions against South Africa would, in practice, mean sanctions against the whole of southern Africa, including all the states of southern Africa, whether they like it or not. And the sooner this fact is brought to their notice the better."
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Background: INTRODUCTION: The United Nations General Assembly has decided to call on the Security Council to step up economic sanctions against South Africa. The move follows South Africa's failure to cooperate with a U.N.-backed independence plan for Namibia (South West Africa). Twenty two western member states abstained from the sanctions vote, and that's likely to block any action by the Council.
SYNOPSIS: Before the vote, Ethiopian Deputy Permanent Representative, Alemayehu Seifu, called for stronger measures against South Africa.
Cuba's Permanent Representative, Raul Roa-Kouri, also spoke.
Senior Roa-Kouri said the United Nations Security Council should meet urgently to impose sanctions against South Africa. Cuba believed that the South Africa People' organisation (SWAPO) was the true representative of the Namibian people, and should be given help towards independence. This he said, would include granting them the strategic area of Walvis Bay. In Cape Town, a South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC) reporter interviewed South African Foreign Minister Pik Botha, who predicted the vote's outcome.