• Short Summary

    The fourth United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) opened in Nairobi Kenya on Wednesday (5 May) with a plea by U.

  • Description

    LV, CU African tribal dancers outside Africa hall

    CU INTERIOR Kissinger and Waldheim shake hands and talk together

    SV CU delegates from Europe, Africa, Far East Middle Fast and India seated (7 shots)

    CU Mr. Koinange reads opening address

    TS Kissinger ad other delegates seated

    CU Mr. Mwamunga addresses meeting

    SV Kissinger and delegates applaud

    CU Waldheim speaks

    MR. KOINANGE: "On behalf of the government and people of Kenya I extend the warmest welcome to all delegates assembled in Nairobi for the fourth international session on the conference Trade and Development".

    MR. MWAMUNGA: "Pride because it is the first time an African holds this high office of President of the conference. Humility because I am only too keenly aware that this conference is the watershed ion the economic development which we simply have to cross".

    MR. WALDHEIM: "The restructuring of the world economy implied among other things that the share of developing countries in the industrial activities be increased significantly before the end of the century. That self sufficiency in food in developing areas be attained within a reasonable period of time. That indigenous capacity in science and technology be developed ad serious progress be made in the eradication of mass poverty and unemployment. In the pursuance of these objectives it is not enough to remove obstacles to the exchange of merchandise and services nor to adjust financial flaws more accurately to meet the needs of individual countries. While these factors remain as relevant as ever new goals and targets will have to be set and new positive actions initiated"."

    Initials RH/AB/MR/2230

    This film is serviced with parts of speeches in English by Mr. Mbiyu Koinange, Mr. Mwamunga. Transcripts of their speeches appear below.

    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: The fourth United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) opened in Nairobi Kenya on Wednesday (5 May) with a plea by U.N. Secretary General Kurt Waldheim for international action to free developing countries from poverty and despair.

    Dr. Waldheim cautioned delegates from 150 nations against relying on renewed expansion in the advanced countries to help third world economies.

    He also drew attention to the lack of concrete progress in 12 years of negotiations on improving the lot of developing countries - the central issue before UNCTAD, which will concentrate on commodity problems, debts and development finance and the transfer of resources and technology to poorer nations.

    But, he said, there must be no repetition of this lack of progress and everyone should work together without delay to end a plausible set of measures to take UNCTAD at least one step closer to its agreed objectives.

    President Jomo Kenyatta of Kenya, who was to give the inaugural address did not attend the opening session. Reuters said the only explanation given for his absence was because of "unavoidable matters".

    Instead, his speech calling for a Nairobi charter on far reaching economic reforms was read by Mr. Mbiyu Koinange, Minister of State in the President's office.

    Prior to the speeches Kenya's Minister for Commerce E.T. Mwamunga was elected conference president.

    Accepting the position Mr. Mwamunga said he did so with humility and strongly believed that the conference was a watershed in the world's economic development, which had to be crossed successfully.

    United States Secretary of State Henry Kissinger was at the opening session ad was scheduled to address the conference later.

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