In Norway, Nobel peace prizes were awarded on Saturday (10 December) to two women from Northern Ireland who are campaigning to end guerrilla warfare in the British province.
GV INT: Hall at Oslo University.
GV & CU: Mrs Aase Lionaess asking prizewinners to come forward. (THREE SHOTS)
SV: Betty Williams and Miss Corrigan receiving prizes as audience applaud. (FOUR SHOTS)
GV: Mrs Lionaess asking Thomas Hammarberg to come forward to receive 1977 prize on behalf of Amnesty International.
SV: Mr. Hammerberg receiving award and asking fellow Amnesty delegates to stand up as audience applaud.
The Northern Ireland peace movement was launched after three children were killed by a getaway car of IRA guerrillas in the capital, Belfast. Miss Corrigan was an aunt of the dead children. Amnesty International has launched a major campaign to abolish the death penalty which was said to be used increasingly by governments to counter terrorism and violence. At a two-day conference held in the Swedish capital of Stockholm at the weekend (10-11 December), Amnesty urged nations to abolish "cruel, inhuman and degrading" punishment. Opening the conference, Swedish Prime Minister Thorbjorn Faelldin said: "The death penalty is being increasingly resorted to in many places, particularly in times of political unrest or increasing violence."
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Background: In Norway, Nobel peace prizes were awarded on Saturday (10 December) to two women from Northern Ireland who are campaigning to end guerrilla warfare in the British province. The other recipient was an organisation-London-based Amnesty International, for its battle against violation of human rights.
SYNOPSIS: The prizes were presented during a ceremony at Oslo University in the Norwegian capital.
The Chairman of the Nobel Committee, Mrs Aase Lionaess, called Mrs Betty Williams and Miss Mairead Corrigan to the rostrum to receive the 1976 peace prizes.
The announcement for the award was delayed as their names were put forward after nominations had closed.
The Nobel Committee also wanted to be sure that the Northern Ireland peace movement which Mrs Williams and Miss Corrigan helped to launch was not a temporary phenomenon.
The audience, which included Norway's king Olav and members of his family, heard Miss Corrigan say the peace movement had proved that war solved nothing. She said that what mankind needed was love. The path of non-violence could change the problems.
Before the ceremony, the three award winners received the prize money of 681,000 Swedish crowns (142,000 U.S. dollars) from the Committee. They were then received in audience by the king. About 50 supporters of the Irish Republican Arm which is fighting British rule in Northern Ireland, demonstrated outside Oslo University, shouting "No to the peace people" and "The fight continues"
Amnesty International's Swedish chairman Thomas Hammarbert, who was accompanied by a delegation from Amnesty, said they understood the award to me and that there was a close interdependence between peace and human right. No peace in a country was stable when it was ruled by political imprisonment.