Soviet scientists have successfully used underground unclear explosions to bring water to arid regions by creating vast storage reservoirs.
SV Burning gases in desert. (2 shots)
LV Water hoses onto burning gases (2 shots)
SV Burning gases
LV Eruption from underground caused by gas
CU Burning gases - PAN - hole in ground
LV PAN Burning gas - drilling rig
CU Nuclear explosives lowered into shaft
TGV Russian trucks with people standing by (2 shots)
GV Drilling rig at night
GV Deserted area with burning gases
CU Hand throws switch
GV Showing underground nuclear explosion
LV PAN Technicians PAN hole with flame extinguished (2 shots)
SV Bulldozers filling in crater
AV Site with buildings and equipment
SV Measuring instruments
CU Dial of oscilloscope
CU Clock: Countdown to zero.
GV Explosion (4 shots)
GV Lake behind crater
GV Secondary explosion
SV AV Water pouring into crater
AV Crater filled with water
Initials AH/AW-PW/SGM/10??? CM/AW/PW/VC/1037
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Background: Soviet scientists have successfully used underground unclear explosions to bring water to arid regions by creating vast storage reservoirs. They have also pioneered the use of carefully controlled nuclear blasts to put out runaway natural gas fires. Film of both projects was presented to the United States Atomic Energy Commission during bilateral talks in Moscow last February.
When a fire at a natural gas well in a desert area roared out of control, Soviet firefighters used all conventional means in their efforts to put out the gigantic torch - consuming 10 million cubic metres of valuable fuel a day.
Their efforts failed because there was a sudden pressure surge in the well, and the gas started to leak through the earth in several places. Dangerous amounts of gas began to escape, posing a contamination threat to a populated area.
So scientists decided to plug the well by means of an underground nuclear explosion. They drilled a new shaft at an angle to the gas well, sank in the nuclear device, then plugged the new shaft with concrete.
Shock waves from the blast compacted the earth above the gas field and blocked the flow of escaping gas. The dead well, its fire now extinguished, was filled in with earth and radiation was kept to a minimum.
The second pilot project using an underground nuclear device was also in an arid region. The plan was to collect floodwater in a reservoir so that it could be used for irrigation during the long dry seasons.
In the case, the blast was triggered to create a crater 100 yards (metres) deep and 430 yards in diametre.
A control room 6 miles (10 kms) from the site recorded all stages of the explosion and measured radioactivity. Within 15 days it was safe for men to work on the edge of the crater.
Then a channel was excavated and floodwater diverted into the crater. An artificial lake containing millions of gallons of water had been formed to prove that controlled nuclear explosions can be used to bring water to isolated areas in a very short period of time.