INTRODUCTION: President Augusto Pinochet was sworn in for another eight years as President of Chile on Wednesday (11 March), this time within the framework of a new constitution.
SV PULL BACK TO GV INTERIOR President Pinochet mounting steps for ceremony. (MUTE)
SV General Pinochet speaking to Assembly (MUTE)
SV New member of juntra being sworn in. (2 SHOTS) (MUTE)
SV EXTERIOR General Pinochet in open-topped car en route to Santiago Cathedral. (MUTE)
SV PULL BACK TO GV Street service police. (MUTE)
SV Pinochet out of car into cathedral. (MUTE)
GV INTERIOR Mass in progress. (2 SHOTS) (MUTE)
GV Pinochet, his wife and others seated at Mass. (MUTE)
SV EXTERIOR Horse Guards and troops following Pinochet's car along route. (3 SHOTS) (MUTE)
GV, SV Crowds look on as Pinochet enters Palace. (2 SHOTS) (MUTE)
SV PULL BACK GV Pinochet and wife appearing on Palace balcony for massed crowds below. (MUTE)
GV, SV Band in ceremonial dress in inauguration parade. (2 SHOTS) (SOUND)
GV, SV Naval forces marching past President and party in reviewing stand. (3 SHOTS)
SV Police marching past crowd.
SV Army marching past stand as Pinochet returns salute.
SV Military band playing.
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Background: INTRODUCTION: President Augusto Pinochet was sworn in for another eight years as President of Chile on Wednesday (11 March), this time within the framework of a new constitution. With almost eight years of personal rule behind him the President, who toppled the late Socialist President Salvador Allende in a 1973 coup, will now spearhead the government's anti-Marxist drive.
SYNOPSIS: In a speech before the swearing-in, General Pinochet defended his anti-Communist position. He said Chile would resolve its international problems without altering its principles. Israel Borquez, President of the Supreme Court administered the oath. Then a new member of the junta, General Benavides, took his oath of office. The new constitution which almost 70 percent of the population approved in last September's referendum, now comes into force. It provides for strong executive powers and legal responsibility.
After the ceremonies which were watched by over 3,000 people in the government building, President Pinochet rode through the streets under heavy security.
The traditional Mass to mark the new presidential term followed in the Santiago Cathedral. Cardinal Raul Silva Henriquez celebrated Mass, but said he did so only at the request of the President. Most members of the church remain critical of the government's human rights record and its treatment of the poor. At Mass President Pinochet was accompanied by his wife.
During the service, is photographer for a Catholic magazine was arrested by secret service men. He was taken away to what was described as a "secret cell" for questioning. The official reason given for his arrest, which is being fiercely protested by his wife and the church, was that he was photographing security arrangements outside the cathedral. The President party moved on to the 200-year-old Presidential Palace refurbished after being wrecked and gutted by fire during General Pinochet's coup. And a vast crowd greeted the Presidential couple on the Palace balcony.
A big military parade ended the ceremonies heralding the new constitution. It gives the President more power than any other Chilean Head of State during its 171 years of independence from Spain.
The eight-year period just starting is officially described as a period of transition towards a democratic rule. But General Pinochet recently ruled out a return to full political freedom for some time. The next President will be selected by the junta in 1989, and President Pinochet could again be a candidate, but he would have to be confirmed in another referendum.
Although the junta faces a troubling rash of violent opposition activity, the sectors of the political left have failed to generate mass support. The economy appears to be well under control, with inflation down from 500 percent to less than one percent. But there remain other problems to be confronted.