Auschwitz concentration camp, scene of the worst horrors of the Second World War, has been visited by many pilgrims over the past 36 years.
GV EXTERIOR Auschwitz concentration camp
SV PULL BACK TO GV Perimeter wire and cell block II (2 SHOTS)
SV INTERIOR Kolbe's cell with pilgrim's wreath
GV EXTERIOR Barbed wire and camp buildings
GV & SV Cell with candles brought by pilgrims (6 SHOTS)
GV Paintings and church document and paintings of Kolbe in prison garb (7 SHOTS)
SCU Franciszek Gajowniczek speaking in Polish
CU Pope John Paul II with Gajowniczek (2 SHOTS)
GV EXTERIOR Niepokalanow Monastery
SV & CUs INTERIOR Articles showing Father Kolbe's history including clothes, plaque and paintings (4 SHOTS)
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Background: Auschwitz concentration camp, scene of the worst horrors of the Second World War, has been visited by many pilgrims over the past 36 years. Many of these have come to see the cell of Father Maximilian Kolbe, a Franciscan monk from Poland. Father Kolbe performed one of the most heroic acts in the war when he changed places with another Polish prisoner who was due to die, Franciszek Gajowniczek. Father Kolbe was injected with phenol by the SS and died. Since 1945, Kolbe's cell in the death block of the camp has become a place of pilgrimage for thousands of devout Catholics, and Pope John Paul - who has also visited the cell - has agreed to Kolbe's canonization. Before canonization, most potential saints must perform two proven miracles. But the 'two-miracle' standard for sanctification has been waived in this case, and Kolbe, who has already been beatified, is due to be sanctified on 10 October this year. Father Kolbe's former home, the Niepokalanow Monastery near Warsaw has also become a shrine. The man with whom Kolbe changed places, Franciszek, is still alive, thanks to Father Kolbe's heroism.