Next Wednesday (6th September) President Anwar Sadat of Egypt and Prime Minister Menachem Begin of Israel will start another attempt to find a way of settling Arab-Israeli differences.
SCU: President Sadat speaking, PULL BACK TO GV Knesset applauding.
SV: Prime Minister Begin, speaking, Sadat beside listening.
MV PAN FROM: Egyptian delegation TO Israeli delegation, ZOOM IN TO CU General Veizman.
MV: Egyptian delegation ZOOM IN TO SCU General Gamassy GV meeting.
SV: Presidents Sadat and Carter on rostrum at White House, walk away.
SV AND GV: Carter and Begin on rostrum.
SV: Begin speaking
CU: peace banners and people marching in procession. (2 shots)
CU: anti-Carter banner, GV chanting crowd.
SCU: President Shamir of Knesset shouting, MV members shouting, SCU Shamir bangs gavel, GV members of Knesset.
GV: Israeli settler puts flags on building, SV crowd of settlers chanting round Torah scroll.
SCU: Sadat speaking
GV AND SV: Sadat and Vice President Mondale in garden.
CU: bowl of roses, PULL BACK AND SCU PAN Mondale with Begin.
GVs EXTERIOR: Leeds Castle (3 shots)
TRANSCRIPTS: BEGIN: "To everyone else, including the United States government, the problems on the agenda are of policy, important policy. To us, they are problems of life."
SEQ. 12: SADAT: "On what are we differing now? Well, it is one thing that we are differing upon, and that is the land."
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: Next Wednesday (6th September) President Anwar Sadat of Egypt and Prime Minister Menachem Begin of Israel will start another attempt to find a way of settling Arab-Israeli differences. They have been invited to Camp David in Maryland by President Jimmy Carter of the United States, who will also be taking part in a meeting which could decide whether the Middle East moves towards peace or another war.
SYNOPSIS: Nine months ago, President Sadat paid his dramatic visit to Jerusalem to address the Knesset, the Israeli Parliament, and there were high hopes that, after four Arab-Israeli wars, the break-through had come at last.
He and his host, Mr. Menachem Begin, spoke warmly about their desire for peace; but particularly after Mr. Begin's return visit to Egypt late in December, it became clear that neither had made any fundamental concessions.
Detailed negotiations followed - between the two Defence Ministers, Ezer Weizman and Mohammed Gammasy, in Cairo, and between the Egyptian and Israeli Foreign Ministers in Jerusalem. In mid-January, President Sadat recalled his delegation from Jerusalem on the grounds that Israel's attitude was preventing any progress.
In the next two months, both leaders visited Washington - and it was President, Sadat who made the more favourable impression in the United States. President Carter's reception of Mr. Begin's standpoint was distinctly cool. The meeting between the two was a difficult one. Mr. Begin explained on his return to Israel why he felt unable to make major concessions.
By now, Mr. Begin was running into opposition at home. Indeed, there was a movement to replace him as Prime Minister by someone whose approach to a settlement might be more flexible. But he had his enthusiastic supporters who endorsed his view that there could be no real peace unless it was coupled with security.
The Knesset had stormy sessions as it hammered out government policy on the crucial issue: the future of the territories occupied by Israel in 1967. Eventually, it approved Mr. Begin's proposal of limited self-rule for the Gaza strip and West Bank of Jordan.
Still, the Israeli government permitted new settlements in these territories -- made by religious enthusiasts claiming that they were part of historic Israel. President Sadat pointed out the implications.
Early in July, United States Vice-President, Walter Mondale, visited both leaders in an attempt to break the deadlock and get talks started again. President Sadat wants a declaration of principle from Mr. Begin that Israel would withdraw from occupied territories in accordance with United Nations resolution 242. When a meeting of Foreign Ministers at Leeds Castle in Britain, soon afterwards, brought no substantial progress, President Sadat said there was no point in further talks without territorial concessions, which Israel is not prepared to make. Nonetheless, President Carter persuaded them both to have one more try.