In Manila, riot police used water cannons and batons to break up a big anti-martial law demonstration on Friday (23 September).
GV & SV: Students and nuns demonstrating in Manila. (FIVE SHOTS)
GV: Riot police moving in with batons.
SV: Demonstrators being arrested by police. (THREE SHOTS)
SV: Demonstrators shouting slogans. (THREE SHOTS)
GV: Riot police barricading street.
SV: Demonstrators being chased away by riot police.
President Marcos originally took power after winnings the general elections of 1965. His second four year term was marked by civil unrest. In September, 1972, he declared martial law. Recently, Manila hosted an International Law Conference, which coincided with a release of hundreds of people detained for political reasons. But President Marcos has warned that martial law would not be lifted until the moslem rebellion in the southern Philippines had been settled. The left-wing Kabataang Makabayan was once led by the head of the illegal communist party, Jose Maria Sison. who is now in hiding.
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Background: In Manila, riot police used water cannons and batons to break up a big anti-martial law demonstration on Friday (23 September). The demonstration came only two days after celebrations marking the fifth anniversary of martial law in the Philippines, which was imposed by President Ferdinand Marcos. The Filipino leader has repeatedly said that his intentions was to move the nation back to democracy. But apparently for the five thousand demonstrators the promise of a transition was not enough.
SYNOPSIS: The well planned demonstration began after Friday afternoon mass in the Santa Cruz Church in Manila. With cries of 'Down with Martial Law' and 'Down with Marcos', the five thousand protestors tried to march through the Rizal Avenue in the heart of the capital's busy commercial centre.
Then the police moved in wielding batons.
Although there has been no official confirmation, it's believed that as many as 50 people were taken away by police for questioning. Of that number, it's thought there were at least 20 nuns.
For the first time in many years the red flags and banners of the left-wing Kabataang Makabayan (nationalist Youth) were seen on the streets.
Police cordoned off parts of the commercial centre but not before dozens of people were hurt.