Peru resumed a lucrative search for hundreds of millions of tiny fish on Monday (5 March) after a ten-month shortage of anchovy which cost the country an estimated 88-million pounds sterling.
GV & SV Fleet at sea (3 shots)
LV EXT Institute Del Mar
SV INT Technician looks through microscope
SCU Technician working near centrifuge
SV & CU Scientist pours water over fish specimens (2 shots)
SV University survey boats in harbour
SV PAN Soviet flag over 'Prof Metsesyer' PAN TO Argentinian flag on another vessel
CU Scientists at work on Soviet ship
CU PAN Picture on wall of Soviet ship PAN TO USA vessel alongside
GV Fishing fleet at sea hauling in nets (2 shots)
CU Catch being hauled in (2 shots)
TV Vacuum machine lowered to fishing net (2 shots)
SV & CU Fish being brought aboard & tumbling into hold (3 shots)
Initials ESP/0034 ESP/0053
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Background: Peru resumed a lucrative search for hundreds of millions of tiny fish on Monday (5 March) after a ten-month shortage of anchovy which cost the country an estimated 88-million pounds sterling.
Fishing for anchovy - the smallest relative of the herring - was suspended in May 1972 when they virtually disappeared from Peruvian waters because of freak currents and almost no evidence of breeding.
Tests by the Peru Maritime Institute have shown that the anchovy has returned. The tides which kept them away have moved closer to the coast, and breeding has produced big local shoals of the fish, which is used throughout the world for fishmeal.
The situation was viewed seriously because of the dependency of the Peruvian economy on this single product. Anchovy provided the bulk of the 12.5 million tons o fish caught in Peruvian waters in 1971, out of a total world catch of 65 million tons.
The resumption of fishing is being carried out cautiously. The Peruvian Ministry of Fishing lifted the ban, and 20 thousand fishermen - including foreign teams under United Nations supervision - went out with their nets for the first time in ten months. The catch for the first three days was good, but if it dwindles or shows any sign of sending the valuable fish away, all fishing activity may be stopped.
SYNOPSIS: Twenty-thousand fishermen cast off from Lima on Monday to resume their vital hunt for anchovy after a complete shut-down of Peru's fishing industry for ten months. But a resumption in fishing is being carefully controlled...it's all being done under the supervision of Peru's Sea Institute.
Ten months ago, the tiny fish suddenly started swimming the wrong way. They stopped breeding, and the order went out that the economically-important anchovy fishing had to stop. But tests and examinations on a few recently caught fish have brought happier news. The tides which kept the anchovy away from Lime have brought them back again and the green light has gone up for fishermen.
But for a while, fishing is being carried out by a United Nations observer fleet as well as Peruvian ships. The international supervision ensures that the fishing it still cautions.
Peru relies on its anchovy catch as an essential part of its economy. The ten-month layoff cost the fishing industry about 88-million pounds, and if there's any sudden drop in the catch, all fishing could be stopped again.
In the first three days of fishing, the catch was excellent. The fishermen say that if it stays like that for a month, the anchovy will have come back to stay.