In China, the government in Peking is becoming increasingly concerned about pollution and other environmental problems.
GV EXTERIOR: oil refineries outside Peaking
SV: refinery chimneys smoking.
SV: buses passing through smoggy Peking suburb.
GV ZOOM OUT FROM: white building with poster of Mao Tse Tung.
GVl: trams in city
SV: Japanese delegation touring oil refinery
SV: Chinese refinery workers.
CU: female member of Japanese delegation talking to employee.
GV: Truck containing rubbish for recycling moves out of factory gates.
CU AND GV: truck dumping rubbish and workers clearing up (3 shots)
GV AND SV: Japanese delegation visiting farm. (2 shots)
GV AND SV: boats going down river. (3 shots)
GV: swimmers in river
GV AND CU: delegation viewing water plant. (2 shots)
SV INTERIOR: of factory with delegation (3 shots)
GV: pollution testing vehicle.
SV INTERIOR OF: pollution vehicle.
CU ZOOM OUT FROM: pollution vehicle.
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: In China, the government in Peking is becoming increasingly concerned about pollution and other environmental problems. Recently, the Chinese authorities issued a rare invitation to a Japanese parliamentary delegation who were asked for ideas on overcoming the pollution threat. And, next month (August) 20 Chinese officials will pay a return visit to Japan to see for themselves what steps the Japanese have taken to combat the problem.
SYNOPSIS: The Taching oil complex, 50 kilometres (31 miles) north-west of Peaking, produces seven million tons of petroleum a year. But the complex also belches vast quantities of waste matter into the atmosphere. The Chinese constitution emphasises the importance of the environment, and officials believe they could face serious problems soon. In Peaking, many factories are being re-sited away from the traditionally industrial south-eastern region. But workers sometimes resent being moved, and often there are housing shortages in the new areas.
The Japanese delegation was invited to China in the hope that they would share their knowledge of anti-pollution techniques. The delegation visited about 12 factories in Peking, and other centres such as Shanghai, Harbin, and Changchun.
In China, the effective use of resources is an important part of anti-pollution activity. Thus, rubbish is sorted, with plastics, glass and metal separated out for re-use. The organic remainder becomes food for pigs and hens. In Shanghai, the Japanese heard that one chemical factory, which pollutes nearby farms and rivers, is obliged to pay compensation to farmers. But, since the factory belongs to the State and the People's Co-operative which runs the farm is also State property, the payments are actually made from one branch of the government to another.
Fish are being threatened in some rivers and the delegation was surprised not to see a single bird in areas they visited. This, they discovered, was due to the widespread use of DDT and other insecticides. China has developed special scientific instruments -- such as gas chromatographs -- to counter environmental problems. But there is a long way to go -- in the whole of China there is only one van for the measurement of air pollution.