Industrial unrest in South Africa's motor industry has begun to spread to other areas.
GV Workers outside the BUSAF plant
SV Closed gates to factory, workers gathered on pavement opposite (2 shots)
SV PAN FROM Workers TO factory
GV Closed gates of Volkswagen factory and vacancies board (2 shots)
GV Closed gates to plant
SV PAN Trade union officials entering VW plant (union leader Mr. Fred Sauls in light suit and wearing glasses)
GV General Motors plant with locked gates (2 shots)
GV Workers on strike outside the Ford plant
GV Soldiers break up union meeting (2 shots)
GV Soldiers look on as workers leave plant (2 shots)
GV Crowds outside Veldspun International Textile factory (1500 dismissed). Security man closes gate (3 shots)
GV Dismissed Veldspun workers singing in groups with fists raised outside the Church hall Uitenhage
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Background: Industrial unrest in South Africa's motor industry has begun to spread to other areas. The motor disputes which began five weeks ago are now affecting textiles as issues wider than just pay rates are being discussed. The latest dispute (August 9) is over union membership and has led to what workers claim is a lock-out at Busaf (Bus manufacturers) in Port Elizabeth. The workers say they want the right to be represented by the National Automobile and Allied Workers Union (NAAWU). At present the workers are covered by an in house union. The NAAWU is currently involved in negotiations to put up pay rates for 10,000 to 15,000 members employed by the members employed by the major manufacturers. For over a month, plants operated by Ford, Volkswagen and General Motors have been at a standstill as the NAAWU tried to negotiate a union minimum rate of 3.5 Rand (US $3.2). The employers are offering 2.2 Rand ($1.9). The present rate is 2 Rand ($1.7). Union officials led by Mr. Red Sauls have now pulled out of talks with the joint managements of the major motor companies. They say the demand of 3.5 Rand is not unreasonable for international companies to pay as a living wage. The motor giants have seen their market share fall this year and a spokesman has called for government help in solving the problems of labour. At the Veldspun International factory, management say 1,500 workers are considered to have dismissed themselves when they refused to enter the plant to collect redundancy pay. The workers are supporting others who were laid off in July.