• Short Summary

    Rising petrol prices and continuing shortages of oil in many industrialised countries are having their effects on motorists.

  • Description

    GV South African garage; CU petrol tank being filled PULL OUT TO SV attendant filling car; CU price and volume dials on pump; CU money being handed over. (4 SHOTS)

    GV Traffic on French motorway. (2 SHOTS)

    AVs Queues for petrol station in USA. (2 SHOTS)

    GVs International Energy Agency meeting in session, 1979. (4 SHOTS)

    MCU President Cater speaking in English as audience look on. (3 SHOTS)

    SV Man pouring petrol made from sugar cane into tank; CU man making adjustment to engine; SV lorry with special fuel attachment pulling away. (3 SHOTS)

    GV Sasolburg petrol from coal plant, South Africa; GV tanker entering complex. (2 SHOTS)

    CUs Gaspi sticker being put on car. (3 SHOTS)

    GV Cyclist along road; GV lone car along road past cyclists. (2 SHOTS)

    REAR VIEW NASA experimental electric car pulling away on runway; SV car; GV car. (3 SHOTS)

    CARTER: "As I've said so often, our country faces long-term, chronic problems in obtaining energy supplies to meet our needs. We have not yet addressed this basic problem. Until we put back in place policies that will cut back demand, reduce waste, insure maximum production of oil here at home, and develop alternative supplies of energy, alternate fuel, we will have to continue to live with the prospect of shortages."

    Initials JS/


    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: Rising petrol prices and continuing shortages of oil in many industrialised countries are having their effects on motorists. They often have to contend with speed limits and difficulties in buying petrol, either because there is not enough to go around, or because governments have introduced some form of rationing. For many, it seems that the age of the car is under serious threat. Next week, on Tuesday (26 June) the major oil producers organisation, OPEC, meets in Switzerland, with the likelihood that oil prices will be increased yet again....with a rise of up to 20 per cent discussed by the oil suppliers.

    SYNOPSIS: For most motorists, the price of petrol is now a talking point. There are some exceptions -- in oil-rich Venezuela petrol costs only 11 US cents a US gallon... against a price, for the present at least, of 2.40 dollars (US) in France and 1.96 (US) in Japan.

    For several decades the richer parts of the world faced few difficulties in getting the petrol they wanted. Now, with oil shortages, there is talk of austerity and controls.

    In the United States, big engined cars stand in long queues at filling stations. The American attitude of little concern about the price of petrol is changing. Petrol is being rationed, in some states and is increasingly expensive.

    Co-operation between governments on ways of coping with fuel shortages is now common-place... like the International Energy Agency. Heads of State are voicing concern over energy supplies...here's President Carter last month.

    This is one alternative power source for cars. It's alcohol made from Brazilian sugar cane. A mixture of 20 percent alcohol with 80 percent petrol can run an engine without it needing a major adjustment. Diesel engines can run on a half alcohol, half petrol mixture, with a carburettor change. At the moment though, the alcohol costs twice as much as petrol to produce.

    South Africa has invested in plants that extract petrol from coal. This one at Sasolburg produces fuel that is apparently different from petrol, and similarly priced.

    In France, five millions pamphlets and stickers have been handed out in an attempt to reduce petrol consumption. On Wednesday (20 June) the French government released plans to reduce oil consumption by 14 per cent over the next six years...a lead it hopes other members of the European Community will adopt as common energy policy.

    With oil supplies predicted to run out by about 1990, petrol and diesel engines are threatened... so car companies are looking for other ways to power vehicles... like this electrically driven car.

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    Reuters - Source to be Verified
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