West Germany's non-aggression treaties with the Soviet Union and Poland came into effect on Saturday (June 3) at two separate ratification ceremonies in Bonn.
GV Bonn Foreign Office building
MV W. German State Secretary Paul Frank (right) & Soviet Ambassador Valentin Falin sign treaty (4 shots)
MV Frank & Falin shake hands & turn & shake hands with F.M. Walter Scheel
GV EXT.Foreign Office & flag (2 shots)
MV INT. Frank (right) & Czyrek signing treaty (2 shots)
MV Frank & Czyrek exchange documents shake hands & turn & shake hand with Scheel
Initials SGM/0324 SGM/0348
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Background: West Germany's non-aggression treaties with the Soviet Union and Poland came into effect on Saturday (June 3) at two separate ratification ceremonies in Bonn. Ceremony number one, where an exchange of documents took place between West German State Secretary Paul Frank and Soviet Ambassador Valentin Falin, was timed to coincide to the minute with the signing in West Berlin of the four-power agreement on the divided city. For the historic Berlin agreement, covering transport communications and access, would not be put into effect by the Soviet Union until the Bonn-Moscow non-aggression treaty had been ratified.
In the second ceremony, Herr Frank and Polish Deputy Foreign Minister Josef Czyrek exchanged ratification documents on their treaty some five hours later. Here Frank announced that diplomatic relations between the two counties would be established immediately.
The non-aggression, or 'normalisation' treaties ensure for all time the hand-over of former German territory held by the two communist nations after the Second World War.
SYNOPSIS: West Germany's historic and controversial non-aggression treaties with Poland and the Soviet Union went into effect on Saturday after two formal ceremonies in Bonn, the West German Capital, Ratification number one came to noon, when West German Secretary of State Paul Frank and Soviet Ambassador Valentin Falin signed and exchanged the documents. The signing was timed to coincide with the ratification in West Berlin of the equally historic four-power Berlin agreement -- for the Soviet Union would net put the Berlin agreement into effect until the ratification of the non-aggression treaty.
Ceremony number two came some five hours later, when Horr Frank and Polish Deputy Foreign Minister Josef Czyrek exchanged their treaties. Herr Frank then announced that diplomatic relations between their two nations would come into effect immediately.
The non-aggression, or normalisation treaties ensure for all time the hand-over of former German territories held by the two communist nations after the Second War.