Mount Etna, near Catania (Sicily) is 10,000 feet high and it is the most high and active volcano in Europe.
Factories using the lava to make special parole for cemeteries and for villa. they cut and polishing. (All on Sound cassette)
workmen making the street at Catania by lava.
Zoom from Etna volcano to men take the lava from mine.
men working at mine (all on the sound cassette)
vines on the lava (two shot)
Placard 11 March 1869 for remember one of the eruption.
men which filling the casks with the wine in the wine-cellar.
ditto, bottles with wine (all with sound)
many boxes full of bottles, wine from cask.
two shot of the Etna at setting
pan volcano to laboratory on 6000 feet UP.
young observer out the laboratory, inside shot of the seismographer and others instruments of the volcano study. (sound)
seismographers near the volcano. shots of the volcano's eruption
Scholar and scientists preparing the V.E.M. near the central crater
others eruption from "north-east" crater(with sound)
shot of the "V.E.M."(Volcanologic Experiment Module) before to send into the "central crater" shots of the volcano in eruption on setting
roll of 400 feet:
Scientists with special protective clothing near the small crater
Japanese Doctor Notoaki Sato controlling (I photographicalled on film his name.
various shot of the experiment.
Head of the crew Dott.harum Taozieff(loft) from France explaining to American doctor James Moore(right) of U.S. Geological Survey(with the hat.).pan from Taozieff to Moore.
shots of the Scientists to take back the V.E.M. (with fogging)
at Catania: pan from sea to Saracen block-house(made with lava)
zoom others constructions at Catania(lava came till the sea)
Vegetables and fruit, man work the earth.
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Background: Mount Etna, near Catania (Sicily) is 10,000 feet high and it is the most high and active volcano in Europe. The town of Catania was destroyed seven times, that last dramatic was in 1669 that destroyed Catania and eight country nearby. The lava went in the sea for 1.5 kms. Another eruption was in 1928 but only one country (Ascali) was destroyed. The last eruption was in 1950 without damages
From the 5th to the 15th of july, 25 scientists from all the world came here to Volcano Etna to investigate together about the volcano problems.
The french professor Mr. Harum Taozieff was the chief.
Among the others were, the french Pierre Zettwog of the "Commissariat a l'energie atomique", Mr. Francois Le Guerm (chemist) Mr. James Moore (U.S. geological survey) and the japanese Motoaki Sato (U.S. geological survey).
From England Mr. Paul Farkas, engineer from the Bradford University and Mr. Tom Huntingdom, chemist from the University OF Reading. 15 scientist and 20 students in all.
The target of these investigation is to collect measured data, in order to reach an explanation of the eruptive mechanism and, through this knowledge, try to forecast not only volcanic outbreaks but also, and over all, eventual catastrophic paroxysms. To reach these targets, it is necessary, I) to measure many different parameters as possible, 2) to make these measurements in a continuous way, in order to know the variations and gradients of temperatures, gas speed, pressure, gas composition, seismicity, etc. which of big importance. These measurements and continuous readings were practically never tempted anywhere else before and, consequently, new instruments had to be developed in order to make these measurements in these searching acid gases and rough terrain.