• Short Summary

    The 26 grain elevators at the twin cities of Port Arthur and Fort William on Lake Superior (the area known as the Lakehead) stretch approximately 20 miles along Thunder Bay and have a capacity of 100,000,000 bushels.

  • Description

    1.
    LS air to ground - lakehead grain elevators (flying east)


    2.
    ELS view of lakehead from mountain looking east


    3.
    MLS air to ground - view of elevators and railway cars (flying west)


    4.
    LS air to ground elevators and ships (looking south)


    5.
    LS air to ground ship leaving elevator (looking north) wing in top frame


    6.
    LS pan left to right - general view - box cars and elevators


    7.
    MLS box car titled on dumper


    8.
    MCU worker cutting cardboard releasing wheat


    9.
    MS worker removing boards as wheat flows


    10.
    MS wheat pouring into grated hopper


    11.
    LS box car being tilted on dumper


    12.
    MS box car being tilted on dumper - operator left frame background


    13.
    MCU mechanical arms forcing boards into car


    14.
    MS tilt down from workman to grain flowing


    15.
    MS/HA box car rising on dumper


    16.
    MLS/LA box car lowering on dumper


    17.
    CU operator's hand on control lever


    18.
    MLS/LA box car rising


    19.
    LS diagonal tilt down to geared rocker below box car


    20.
    MS wheat flowing into grate


    21.
    MLS pan left to right and tilt from machinery along moving belt to grain sampling mechanism


    22.
    MCU grain sampling (for inspection)


    23.
    MS pan right to left - wheat moving through rotary screen cleaner


    24.
    MLS/LA workman checking handful of wheat for cleanliness


    25.
    MS residue (other grains, chaff and dust) emerging from rotary cleaner


    26.
    MS pan right to left across wheat entering vibrating perforated cleaner (removes stones, etc.)


    27.
    MCU grain entering hopper


    28.
    MLS workman raking wheat on vibrating cleaning machine


    29.
    LS to MCU pan left to right with box car emerging from plant to hook up with other car


    30.
    LS houses foreground, lake freighter heading towards elevator


    31.
    MLS diagonal tilt down left to right from grain elevator to lake freighter being loaded


    32.
    MS diagonal tilt down left to right - workman watching grain pouring from spout to hatch


    33.
    LS wheat pouring from several spouts into ship's hold


    34.
    CU wheat entering hold


    35.
    MLS workman taking grain samples from spout


    36.
    MS to LS pan right to left from wheat entering hold to view looking towards stern


    37.
    LS/LA pan left to right with operator walking along elevator cat walk


    38.
    MLS pan right to left from ship's stern to sea gulls over water, elevators in background


    39.
    MLS 3/4 stern view of lake freighter leaving harbour


    40.
    LS side view - ship moving left to right


    41.
    LS air view - ship leaving harbour


    42.
    ELS stern view - ship leaving harbour - "sleeping giant" mountain left frame background




    Initials



    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: The 26 grain elevators at the twin cities of Port Arthur and Fort William on Lake Superior (the area known as the Lakehead) stretch approximately 20 miles along Thunder Bay and have a capacity of 100,000,000 bushels. The majority of these elevators are owned by the Saskatchewan Wheat Pool, and the Manitoba Wheat Pool; with the remainder being owned by private companies.

    In this modern age, this volume of grain demands high speed and efficient handling -- both from the point of view of receipt of grain from the Prairies and the trans-shipment by water. The Saskatchewan Wheat Pool has installed an improved type of mechanical boxcar dumper to expedite the unloading operation - it can completely unload 12 cars representing 25,000 bushels of wheat or 40,000 bushels of oats per hour and thoroughly clean the cars so that sweeping by employees is no longer necessary.

    The labour involved consists of one man operating a push button control. The engine pushes the car onto the cradle of the machine, dual-purpose clamps come up from a horizontal position to serve as a locking device between the cradle and the rails, then these clamps grip each end of the car. The bottom of the door is constructed of cardboard. This is opened manually by the operator to release the pressure of grain within the car, and then the mechanism takes over. The powered mechanical rams swing inward from the machine frame pushing inside wooden grain doors inward and upward through the grain and to the ceiling, and two hydraulic cylinders tilt the car to a 12 degree angle, and the car is rocked twice each way to a maximum of a 40 degree angle - the grain then flows from the raised end through each door and into the pit. When the upper end of the car is cleaned, two deep-bladed baffles enter by each door to meet at the center of the car to form a solid snowplow shaped wall and then the car is tilted in the opposite direction to clear the other end. The cradle then returns to horizontal, baffles and door openers automatically withdraw and the car is unclamped. The emptying operation can be completed in five to seven minutes depending on the type of grain load.

    All grains are cleaned and processed to the requirements of the Canada Grain ct, and then loaded by spouts from the grain elevators to the hatches of the lake freighters and ocean-going vessels for shipment through the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence Seaway to elevators in the east or abroad.

    Our story covers the unloading operation, cleaning and loading aboard the MONTREALAIS -- one of the largest lake freighters carrying grain from the Lakehead to elevators at Montreal or other cities along the St. Lawrence River. The MONTREALAIS is 730' in length and in its hold it can carry 845,000 bushels of wheat.

    There are now fewer vessels arriving at the Lakehead during the eight months shipping season (approximately the first of April until early December) because of the trend towards using larger lake freighters or ocean going vessels which can now navigate up the St. Lawrence via the Seaway.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVABXDZICZ6SDP23O8XT94M4EC29
    Media URN:
    VLVABXDZICZ6SDP23O8XT94M4EC29
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    01/01/1962
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:05:13:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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