• Short Summary

    In the People's Republic of China, the People's Liberation Army (PLA) is an integrated part of the country's political structure.

  • Description

    1.
    SV Squad of troops practice bayonet drill
    0.11

    2.
    SV Soldier aims rifle
    0.16

    3.
    SV Other troops throw hand grenades
    0.21

    4.
    GV Distant explosions
    0.26

    5.
    LV Tank target blown up
    0.30

    6.
    SV Party of pressmen visit camp
    0.35

    7.
    SV Army cookhouse
    0.42

    8.
    SV Pigs in pens
    0.48

    9.
    SV Other soldiers operate sowing machine and repair shoes (2 shots)
    0.53

    10.
    SV INT Pharmaceutical plant
    1.02

    11.
    GV & SV Army press conference and interpreter translating:
    1.44


    (SOUND STARTS: "Our unit...."



    SOUND ENDS: "...enemy forces.")


    12.
    SV Army orchestra and choir perform on stage and other troops in audience (6 shots)
    2.21


    TRANSCRIPT: KAPLOW: Armoured Yung Sing about (indistinct) miles southeast of Peking. This is the home of the 196th infantry division of the People's Liberation Army. This division has fought in three wars--against the Japanese, against the Chinese nationalists and against the Americans in Korea. The basic military training is much like that of any army. This army does more however than fire guns and throw hand grenades. In accordance with the teachings of Chairman Mao it tries to be self-reliant. It produces its own food--soya beans into bean curry, raises its own livestock, mends its own clothes and shoes. The 196th infantry division has its own pharmaceutical plant. But there is more asked of this army. Deputy Commander Kim Yu-che speaking through an interpreter explained it to us at his headquarters."



    SEQ. 11: KIM: "Our unit is under the absolute leadership of the Chinese Communist Party and we are persisted in the three great principles of political work. And that is, unity of the officers and men, unity between the army and the people, and also to win over the enemy soldiers."



    KAPLOW: "The People's Liberation army is a political force. Its members undergo rigid political indoctrination. Their favourite form of that--patriotic songs or plays. The People's Liberation army is an integrated part of the political structure of the country, and there are those who feel it will be from this army will come the man to succeed Mao and Chou. If so, the successors will be dedicated Communists. Herbert Kaplow, N.B.C. News, at Yang Chung in China."




    Initials BB/0200 TA/AS/BB/0140


    EDITOR'S NOTE: Some of the sound quality for this film was lost in the satellite transmission.
    TELERECORDING VIA SATELLITE

    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: In the People's Republic of China, the People's Liberation Army (PLA) is an integrated part of the country's political structure. Its members undergo political as well as military training, and a high standard is demanded of entrants.

    The training ground of the 196th Infantry Division of the PLA is located southeast of Peking. The basic military training is similar to that of any other army in the world, but in accordance with Chairman Mao's teachings, the 196th division tries to be self-sufficient--producing its own food and everyday needs.

    The 196th division has fought in three wars--against the Japanese, against the forces of Chiang Kai-shek, and against the Americans in Korea. A National Broadcasting Company of America camera crew was at a training session on Wednesday (23 February). Reporter Herbert Kaplow sent an English commentary with the film, which may be used if required. A transcript of this appears below.

    SYNOPSIS: At a camp southeast of Peking, the 196th infantry Division of the People's Liberation Army of the People's Republic of China trains. This division has fought in three wars--against the Japanese, against Chiang Kai-shek's forces, and against the Americans in Korea. The basic military training is much like that of any army, but this army does more than just fire guns and throw hand grenades. In accordance with the teachings of Chairman Mao Tec-tung, it tries to be completely self-reliant.

    It produces its own food, such as soya beans into been curry, raises its own livestock, and mends its own clothes and shoes. The 196th Division even has its own pharmaceutical plant, capable of looking after the medical requirements of the officers and men. There is heavy emphasis placed on unity within the army. The 196th's Deputy Commander explained this through an interpreter on Wednesday.

    The People's Liberation Army is a political force. Its members receive political as well as tactical training. The favourite form of teaching is entertainment--patriotic songs or plays. The People's Liberation Army is an integrated part of the political structure of the country, and there are many who feel that the successors to Chairman Mao Tse-tung and Premier Chou En-lai could come from the army. Observers say if this is so, the successors will be dedicated Communists.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVABYHT6SO4D4G3HNDD1ROKQQ4DL
    Media URN:
    VLVABYHT6SO4D4G3HNDD1ROKQQ4DL
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    24/02/1972
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Colour
    Duration:
    00:02:19:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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