A report by the Soviet New Agency Tass (4 May) said the Soviet-backed government of Afghanistan has blamed traitors as well as United States aud Chinese agents for student protests last month(April).
GV: Mountainous terrain
GV and LV: Damaged buildings in bombed villages of Chenar (2 shots)
LV PAN FROM: Poppy fields TO other damaged buildings in village of Dangam
LV PULL BACK TO GV: Dangam village on hillside.
SV PAN: Mule driver standing beside mule at bomb crater
SV PAN FROM: Stone hut TO armed Pathan tribesmen (2 shots)
SV AND CU: Pathan tribesmen posing with rifles. (2 shots)
TV PAN AND CU: From mountain stream TO another groups of Pathans posing. (2 shots)
GV: Mountain track
SV AND LV: Loaded mule caravan moves off. (2 shots)
GV PAN: Mountains
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Background: A report by the Soviet New Agency Tass (4 May) said the Soviet-backed government of Afghanistan has blamed traitors as well as United States aud Chinese agents for student protests last month(April). Reports from India said the protests to mark the second anniversary of the April revolution which installed Afghanistan's first Marxist government left many dead. In the provinces, fighting continues. Afghan government and Soviet troops that launched a major assault against Afghan mountain tribesmen two months ago have mostly withdrawn from the Kunar valley, leaving only small contingents of soldiers to patrol the key valleys linking Kunar with Pakistan.
SYNOPSIS: The village of Chenar shows evidence of six weeks of fighting. The bulk of the forces have now pulled back to Jalalabad, the main garrison between the Khyber Pass and Kabul, the capital, according to sources quoted to Reuters News agency. Refugees reported an armoured force swept up the valley under cover of MiG aircraft and rocket-firing helicopters, destroying everything in its path.
The village of Dangam also shows evidence of having been bombed. During the offensive, Soviet paratroopers are said to have dropped onto mountain ridges to try to cut off the tribesmen's retreat. About six thousand refugees from the Kunar fled to Pakistan.
But the area is not deserted. The Pathan tribesmen have been slowly returning to the valley and taking up again their old positions.
The Army offensive has been seen a san attempt to seal the border with Pakistan and ease the guerrilla pressure on the district around Jalalabad. It left many destroyed settlements in Kunar and crops have been ruined. The tribesmen suffer from an acute shortage of food.
Unites Nations officials say up to one thousand refugees a day travel the mountain tracks to reach Pakistan. The Pathan tribe occupies both sides of the border. The tribesmen on the Afghan side face a continuing shortage of supplies and they are threatened by starvation. Pakistan's policy of strict neutrality towards Afghan guerrillas means supplies have become increasingly difficult to obtain.