INTRODUCTION: Guatemala's territorial claim to Belize has been ignored by the United Nations Security Council.
SV & CU Effigies of Margaret Thatcher and Belize P.M. Price, Union Jack and demonstrators in foreground.
CU Sign in Spanish "Belize is and always will be Guatemala".
CU Effigies and flag burnt at night, along with portrait of Queen. (2 SHOTS)
TV INTERIOR U.N. Security Council in session.
CU Guatemala representative speaking in Spanish. (3 SHOTS)
CU UK representative replies in English.
SV Security Council President calls for vote. (in English).
SV Vote is counted and announced. (4 SHOTS)
ROMULO: "The results of the voting is as follows: Fifteen votes were recorded in favour of the draft resolution which has accordingly been adopted, unanimously."
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Background: INTRODUCTION: Guatemala's territorial claim to Belize has been ignored by the United Nations Security Council. On Wednesday (23 September), the Council voted unanimously to admit the former British colony to membership of the world body. In the days leading up to the independence ceremony and the United Nations vote, demonstrations were held in Guatemala City over the status of Belize.
SYNOPSIS: There was strong reaction in Guatemala from both protestors and the military force. The army moved additional troops to the border area while in the capital Guatemala City around one thousand people took part in this demonstration. Their theme was "Belize is and always will be Guatemala".
When night fell, the effigies of British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and that of new Belize Prime Minister George Price were put to the torch. The protestors also set fire to the Union Jack and a portrait of Queen Elizabeth.
The Guatemalans fear that an independent Belize could become a base for infiltration in the guerrilla war they are fighting. Guatemala recently broke its remaining diplomatic links with the United Kingdom and closed the British consulate.
The application by Belize for United Nations membership came within hours of attaining independence. It was vigorously opposed in the Security Council debate by Guatemala's representative Eduardo Castillo Arriola.
The Guatemalan delegate said his government was concerned that Britain was offering itself as a friend to Belize. He described the independence as a mockery saying the new nation had been handed borders that were disputed by its neighbours.
The United Kingdom representative, Sir Anthony Parsons argued that the fundamental issue of independence for Belize was quite clear. Sir Anthony said Britain had never accepted the territorial claim of Guatemala and the guiding principle was self-determination.
Despite the independence, British troops will remain in the tiny central American state for what's described as an 'appropriate period' to form a border patrol.
The debate was presided over by the security council President, Carlos Romulo.
The membership application needed approval from the council before being referred to the General Assembly. Belize Prime Minister George Price had said his country accepted the obligations contained in the United Nations charter, and asked for early consideration of the formal application.