The leaders of eleven political factions met in the Chad capital of N'Djamena last Tuesday (16 October).
MV Delegates taking places in Assembly hall
CU INTERIOR President Goukouni Oueddei
CU Dr. Abba Sidik, President of Forlinat
CU Abdoulaye Adam Dana
CU Hisseine Habre
CU Hadjoro Senoussi
CU Dr. Facho Balan and Rouassingar
GV Delegates around conference table (3 shots)
Cu Moussa Medela
CU Abdoulaye Kelleye
CU Adoum Manani
EXTERIOR GVs Delegates leaving hall
Hisseine Habre represents the northern, mainly white Muslim area of Chad. He led a coup which deposed French-back President Felix Malloum at the end of April. He is unpopular with both the forlinat faction and Kamouge's southern faction. But Forlinat say they do not see Habre as an obstacle to peace in the country and it in turn has accused the southerners and Kamouge of being responsible for the failure of previous agreements between the various Chad factions.
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Background: The leaders of eleven political factions met in the Chad capital of N'Djamena last Tuesday (16 October). The meeting was a working session considering ways of forming a new national government. Chad has been plagued by an internal war for more than twelve years. Meetings in Nigeria earlier in August agreed on the formation of a government to be led by the leader of the Chad Liberation Front (Frolinat) Goukouni Oueddei. But the government has since been called an interim one and last week's meeting attempted to set the framework for a new government which reflects the interests of all the factions.
SYNOPSIS: One of the leading delegates at the talks was President Goukouni Oueddei who reflected not only the position of the current interim government, but of his Chad Liberation Front. There were nine factions presented at the Kano and Lagos meetings but the number had increased to eleven by the time of the N'Djamena talks.
Hisseine Habre is seen as an obstacle to peace in the country by the current vice-President Kamouge.
Commandant Roussingar represented Vice-President Kamouge who once threatened to lead the secession of southern, predominantly Christian, Chad. Mr. Kamouge has repeatedly complained that N'Djamena is not secure enough for meetings such as this one. Demilitarisation of the capital was agreed upon by all the factions and troops continue to be withdrawn.
But control of the armed forces continues to be the main problem. Everyone agrees that the army must be a national one -- but Ouedder Kamouge and Habre all see themselves -- at the command of any armed forces. Meanwhile the French army has been asked to stay on to ensure some stability within the country.