INTRODUCTION: The first black children in South Africa to have compulsory education were ordered to attend classes on Tuesday (13 January) at the start of the academic year.
GV People in the streets of Guguletu African township (2 shots)
GV PAN Deserted school building
SV School teachers outside entrance to school
SV Primary school children walking along road to school
SV Primary school children filing into classrooms
SV School children playing football in streets
SV INTERIOR Three masked students being interviewed by reporter about boycott
GV Students gathering for rally outside Fezeka High School
SV Students chanting and singing and waving clenched fists (3 shots)
CU Students waving fists and chanting
SPEECH ON FILM (TRANSCRIPT)
SEQ. 7: REPORTER: "Why did you decide to continue the boycott after the weekend meeting?"
STUDENT: "The most important demand, out of our demands, is the scrapping of the Bantu education system."
REPORTER: "Do you think that is possible?"
STUDENT : "Well, at this juncture we feel that will take quite a long time, but we students, since we are confident in our battle against the government that gives us an inferior education, we feel that it will sooner be changed whether good or not."
STUDENT: "Other demands we have mentioned is the recognition of the SRC's, the Parent Action Committee and the restoration of all the teachers that were expelled and the release of the students that were detained in connection with the schools boycott and for the school facilities to be improved in our schools."
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: INTRODUCTION: The first black children in South Africa to have compulsory education were ordered to attend classes on Tuesday (13 January) at the start of the academic year. The students returned to schools throughout the country after months of classroom boycotts and violence. The only exceptions were Port Elizabeth and Capetown, two main centres of the protest against unequal opportunities in education between black and white pupils.
SYNOPSIS: Opposition to the compulsory education scheme has been sharpest in Soweto, near Johannesburg, in Port Elizabeth and black townships in the eastern and western Cape. Typical of these is Guguletu, near Capetown, where school buildings remain deserted.
Sections of the black community describe the government move as an attempt to impose an inferior system of Bantu education on their children. South Africa's Education Department is confident that attendance figures in these schools will improve within a few days. But only the younger children in lower primary schools, unaffected by the boycott, were attending classes in Guguletu.
About 45,000 children at 200 schools in South Africa were due to attend classes at the beginning of the school year on Tuesday. Student leaders in Guguletu, who concealed their identity, were questioned about their continued resistance:
At a meeting in the Fezeka High School in Guguletu, about 600 students from all Capetown's schools voted to continue their boycott of classes.
South Africa's Education Department says it's trying to improve non-white education. Academic levels are to be raised and there are plans to build new schools. The department closed many schools last year as the boycott grew, and running battles between students and police were commonplace.
Now it's promised that all the schools will be reopened. But most blacks demand one educational system for all South African children. They want an equal chance for every child, regardless of race.