• Short Summary

    In the Philippines, Third World countries have failed to reach agreement on their bargaining position at the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development -- UNCTAD.

  • Description

    GV Japanese Prime Minister Masayoshi Ohira down aircraft steps and greeted by Philippines President Ferdinand Marcos and wife Imelda.

    GV Guard of honour.

    GV Crowd waving from balcony.

    SV United Nations sign and people seated in conference hall. (2 SHOTS)

    SCU Tanzanian Permanent Representative to UN office in Geneva Wilfred K. Chagula speaking in English.

    SV UNCTAD Secretary General Gamani Corea.

    SV Corea speaking in English. (3 SHOTS)

    SV West German Economy Minister Otto Lambsdorff.

    SV Lambsdorff speaking in English.

    CHAGULA: "No positive change has so far taken place. We are still faced with a chaotic international economic system which my president once described as giving the poor nations of the world only two rights and those are the right to sell cheap and the right to buy dear. ...It is a world of huge transnational corporations meeting to conspire against the wretched of earth. It is a world in which the rich grow richer and the poor poorer. It is a world of massive unemployment, inflation and stagnation, of menacing closure of access to markets of developed countries and our international economic system is iniquitous. The present international economic relations are skewed (ed. correct) in favour of the rich industrialised nations, in trade, in transport, in communications, information and knowledge, in technology, in finance and in raw materials (INDISTINCT)."

    COREA: "We cannot be satisfied that there exists at present a satisfactory international understanding international understanding on how either the short term or the long term aspects of the problem of protectionism could be dealt with. Such codes as exist are partial and not based always on universal consensus. Decisive action in this field by way of launching a new process of consultation and negotiation within broadly accepted guidelines and principles that reflect a firm commitment to the containment and reversal of protectionism could indeed be one of the major results of this conference. If the conference fails to act purposefully in this field it would only mean that it has a neglected one of the major problems of our time."

    LAMBSDORFT: "It goes without saying that we do not want to interfere in the internal affairs of the developing countries. We have full respect of their sovereignty and this is true of the economic systems they choose too. It means that our contributions to developing countries are independent of value judgements. Development assistance for us is a must in the context of international solidarity. For instance it should not be granted in return for certain political attitudes. On the other hand solidarity must not be a one-way trip. Solidarity as I understand it means to stand by each other rather than to take a hard line when one's ideas cannot be put into practice without a compromise."

    Arab attempts at UNCTAD to isolate Egypt because of its peace treaty with Israel appeared to have failed when en Egyptian, Samir Moukhtar, was elected to represent the developing world in the committee on the transfer of technology. Conference sources quoted by Reuters said on Friday that six other Third World negotiators had been appointed to the committee ad some militant Arabs were now trying to oust Dr. Moukhtar.

    Initials JS/


    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: In the Philippines, Third World countries have failed to reach agreement on their bargaining position at the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development -- UNCTAD. On Friday (11 May) for the second day in succession they asked that meetings of the eight negotiating committees be cancelled while they tried to sort out their differences, which were complicated by a political row among the Arabs.

    SYNOPSIS: The UNCTAD conference has attracted leading political figures from all over the world. On Wednesday (9 May) Japanese Prime Minister Masayoshi Ohira arrived at Manila airport, where he was greeted by Philippines President Ferdinand Marcos and his wife Imelda. He later addressed the conference -- but Reuters report that negotiations between the rich and poor nations were virtually at a standstill on Friday and some delegates were complaining that UNCTAD had so far been a waste of time.

    One delegate who pulled no punches in his criticism of world economics was Tanzania's Wilfred K. Chagula.

    UNCTAD Secretary General Gamani Corea spoke about protectionism.

    West Germany's Economy Minister Otto Lambsdorff said on Wednesday that offensive remarks from developing countries made it difficult for industrialised nations to justify their aid programme. He added:

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