• Short Summary

    At the United Nations General Assembly on Thursday (25 September), the netherlands, Belgium and Poland put forward their views on world peace and detente in the wake of the recent European Security Conference in Helsinki, Finland.

  • Description

    CU U.N. symbol

    MV Waldheim at desk

    CU Netherlands Foreign Minister Max van der Stoel speaking in English

    MV PAN Delegates seated

    CU Belgian Foreign Minister van Elslande speaking in French

    MV Turkish delegation seated

    MV French and Dahomey delegations

    CU Polish delegate Foreign Minister Olszowski speaking in English

    TRANSCRIPT: MR. VAN DER STOEL: "Political detente should be complemented by military detente, another testcase for judging the follow-up of Helsinki. In this regard, I wish to emphasise the importance of the Vienna negotiations on mutual and balanced force reductions in central Europe. A positive outcome of those negotiations will enhance both European and global security. In the introduction to his annual report, the Secretary-General has rightly underlined the extreme dangers which the excessive arsenals of both conventional and nuclear weapons entail for the security of mankind. Indeed, Mr. President, the continuing arms race is one of the most serious failures of the international community."

    MR. OLSZOWSKI: "The principles of territorial integrity and inviolability of frontiers, signifying renunciation once and for all of all territorial claims which in the past gave rise to tensions, conflicts and wars, are of fundamental importance for the peaceful future of Europe. In the spirit of that Conference and in its course, an agreement has been reached between the Governments of the Polish People's Republic and the Federal Republic of Germany concerning further normalisation of mutual relations, based on the Treaty of 7 December 1970. The agreement has created foundations to further expand relations between the two states and is a contribution to strengthening detente in Europe."

    Initials CL/2050 1710/1910/2105

    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: At the United Nations General Assembly on Thursday (25 September), the netherlands, Belgium and Poland put forward their views on world peace and detente in the wake of the recent European Security Conference in Helsinki, Finland.

    Speaking first -- in English -- Netherlands Foreign Minister, Mr. Max van der Stoel, told delegates that "political detente should be complemented by military detente". He stressed the importance of the continuing talks in the Austrian capital, Vienna, on the reduction of forces in central Europe, and the dangers of the stockpiling and spread of nuclear weapons.

    Mr. van der Stoel described the European Security Conference as a major step to promote detente in Europe ...provided the ideas put forward by delegates at Helsinki could be translated into actions. The Netherlands, he said, "attaches particular importance to the principles of self-determination and the respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms".

    Belgian Foreign Minister, Mr. Renaat van Elslande spoke next. He told the General Assembly in French that one of the most frightening aspects of contemporary world relations was the proliferation and refining of nuclear arms. Belgium's defence budget, he said, was less than half that of education ... but on a world scale the vast sums of money devoted to military expenditure -- an estimated 200,000 million U.S. dollars (98, 000 million pounds sterling) -- far outstripped the combined budgets for education and public health.

    Like the Netherlands, Belgium is a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) ... and recently entered into an arms deal with the United States to re-equip its air force.

    One concrete result of the helsinki Conference was cited by Polish Minister for Foreign Affairs, Mr. Stefan Olszowski ... his country's further accord with West Germany normalising relations between the two states. Mr. Olszowski described the Conference as establishing a strong foundation for peaceful co-operation and co-existence and increasing possibilities of an all-European system of collective security.

    Part of the belgian Foreign Minister's speech in French appears on film. An alternative commentary is provided overleaf.

    Excerpts from the speeches in English by Mr. van der Stoel and Mr. Olszowski also appears on film. Transcripts follow:

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