Malaysia celebrated the 20th anniversary of independence on Tuesday (31 August) with a sombre warning from the Prime Minister, Datuk Hussein bin Onn, of resurgent Communist guerrilla activity in the country's four northern provinces.
GV PAN National Day parade in stadium.
SV AND ZOOM OUT Flag raising ceremony.
SV Datuk Hussein Onn saluting flag.
GV Guard of Honour watched by Datuk Hussein Onn and crowd. (2 shots)
SV Datuk Hussein Onn inspecting guard of honour watched by crowd. (2 shots)
GV Military band display
GV Parade. (3 shots)
GV Official cars in parade. (2 shots)
GV Malaysian women on floats.
GV Official cars in parade ZOOM INTO Malaysian women riding in cars.
The increased Communist guerrilla activity has provoked reminders of the protracted emergency in the country which began in 1948 and was not completely suppressed until 1960. Intelligence officers say the guerrillas have set up bases in safe havens across the frontier in Betong -- part of Thailand that just in to Malaysia's Perak Province. It is estimated there are three rival factions of the Malaysian Communist movement -- The Communist Party of Malaysia and two offshoots, the Marxist Leninist and the Revolutionary Faction -- operating from Thailand.
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Background: Malaysia celebrated the 20th anniversary of independence on Tuesday (31 August) with a sombre warning from the Prime Minister, Datuk Hussein bin Onn, of resurgent Communist guerrilla activity in the country's four northern provinces.
SYNOPSIS: During the celebrations the Prime Minister said that Communist guerrilla movements had regrouped and were still operating from bases in almost inaccessible mountains and jungles near the border with Thailand. Datuk Hussein -- here saluting the Malaysian flag -- said the Government would have to give priority to the renewed threat of terrorism and insurgency. Plans were already underway to extend the community volunteer system from mainly urban areas to the countryside.
Defence officials claim the guerrillas are not capable of mounting any significant operation against Malaysia's army or police forces which total 70,000 men. Intelligence officers say there is no evidence so far to suggest the guerrillas have received military assistance from the Soviet Union, China or the new Communist states in Indo-China.
Nevertheless, they have made a number of forays across the border, killing policemen, setting booby traps and attacking small military outposts.