INTRODUCTION: More than 120 million of the world's 140 million disabled children live in poverty in the developing countries.
SV Doctor vaccinating children. (2 SHOTS)
CU & SV Phial being opened and administered to child. (2 SHOTS)
SV Physiotherapists moving child's limbs.
CU & PULL BACK Peruvian doctor exercising boy's legs.
CU TILT DOWN SV Father exercising child's legs watched by doctor.
GV Two child polio victims walking.
SVs & CUs EXTERIOR Welfare worker calling at Jamaican farm. (3 SHOTS)
GV Welfare worker teaching girl to put on sock.
SV Woman teaching child.
SV Worker discussing child's progress with mother.
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Background: INTRODUCTION: More than 120 million of the world's 140 million disabled children live in poverty in the developing countries. Most are denied medical help. In the Year of the Disabled, the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) has launched a new programme to help these children based on making duller uses of the resources to be found in individual communities.
SYNOPSIS: A great deal of the new schemes relies on prevention. Vaccination in rural settlements and urban slums is one of the first priorities. The early identifications and treatment of a disability are often complicated by ignorance and fear. One child in ten is born with an impairment or acquires it. These children become physically disabled.
UNICEF says the resources allocated by governments and others are being spent on high cost projects for the few. The great majority of those in need are ignored. The concerned family is a prime resource in helping disabled children. Parents can learn from doctors how to teach their children basic exercises. The new UNICEF strategy is based on the child and his family rather than the impairment itself.
The plan begins by making fuller uses of the resources to be found in the community. It recognises that the child, the family and the community are the three pillars upon which a successful programme can be built. Here, the father learns from the doctor how to help his child. The family can then take over the care of their off-spring.
In Jamaica, community workers call on families with disabled children. The workers point out that there are many activities that a family can carry out to help their children. UNICEF has launched programmes to train the community workers in family guidance. In this way, the great majority of those in need are helped. The scheme is also relatively cheap.
By the year 2000 there will be at least 600 million disabled people in the world. UNICEF hopes the new programme will bring about a change in attitude and help developing countries to help themselves.