African Delegates to the United Nations Security Council are demanding a vote next Monday (31 October) on their proposals for tough action against South Africa.
GV: Security Council in session (Silent)
SV: Nigerian delegate, Leslie Harriman speaking.
GV: Security Council (silent)
SV: Ghana delegate, Frank Boaten, speaking
HARRIMAN: "The apartheid regime has gone utterly mad. It is calling a so-called general election of whites only on November 30 to get a mandate to defy the world and increase repression. It plans to establish a second Bantustan on December 6, on the borders of the Republic of Botswana. It is frantically expanding its armed forces and has doubled the period of service for its national servicemen from 12 to 24 months."
BOATEN: "My delegation recommends, in this regard, that the council introduces, as a matter of extreme urgency, the following measures it earlier.. (indistinct) under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter. One: mandatory embargo on all sale of arms, including spare parts and machinery, to that country. Two: a cessation of all economic and cultural ties with South Africa. Three: an effective application of the oil embargo. And four: a cessation of any further help in the nuclear programme of South Africa."
RICHARD: "We have come to the conclusion that the acquisition by South Africa of arms and related material in the current situation does constitute a threat to the maintenance of the international peace and security. The United Kingdom will therefore accept and vote in favour of a mandatory arms embargo under Chapter VII of the Charter. We expect also that states not members of this organisation will take immediate and similar action."
The United States and Britain have maintained a voluntary arms embargo for some years. At a press conference in Washington on Thursday (27 October), President Carter said he would support a mandatory embargo and would extend the ban to include spare parts. But he said the United States was not yet ready to go along with economic sanctions.
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Background: African Delegates to the United Nations Security Council are demanding a vote next Monday (31 October) on their proposals for tough action against South Africa. The African States want a permanent embargo on arms sales, plus full economic sanctions. Western members of the council have been trying instead to achieve a six-month ban on all arms sales to South Africa.
SYNOPSIS: During Friday's session (28 October), Nigerian Ambassador Leslie Harriman, described South African developments as 'a panic manifestation of a paranoid dictator".
Ghana's Frank Boaten and Britain's Ivor Richard also spoke: