On August 6 Hiroshima observes the 25th anniversary of the atom bomb explosion which destroyed that Japanese city, killing an estimated 200 000 inhabitants.
Hiroshima bomb explodes and aftermath scenes in city
GV pan ruins
SV shadows of objects caused atomic blast (5 shots)
MV medical teams at work (3 shots)
1958 anniversary commemorations -- doves released, peace gong struck (4 shots)
1961 GVs of redeveloped city (3 shots)
1958 GVs Hiroshima hospital, and SVs people being treated for atom bomb injuries (5 shots
1965 MV Hiroshima atom bomb plane pilots interviewed-Beser, Behan and Sweeney
1967 Anniversary ceremony -- LV Atomic dome PAN TO lanterns floating on river (2 shots)
TRANSCRIPT: SEQ. 9: INTERVIEWER: Have you had any second thoughts, any feelings of guilt about this?
SWEENEY: I have not, President Truman has not, He made the decision with, I am sure, all the advice of many learned men. And we all know there were some very learned men who were in disagreement. It was a difficult decision, I am sure, for him to make. But, I have never disagreed with it and I never will.
BEHAN: Well, I agree with General Sweeney. I think that it should be pointed out the use of the bombs forestalled invasion, and probably as a result saved many hundreds of thousands of lives, both American and Japanese. I have no regrets or guilt complexes.
BESER: Unequivocally no. I think it was something that should have been done at the time. In the event of another conflict of that magnitude it may even be indicated again, although we hope it will never be again necessary.
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: On August 6 Hiroshima observes the 25th anniversary of the atom bomb explosion which destroyed that Japanese city, killing an estimated 200 000 inhabitants. Hiroshima is again a bustling city but every year its citizens look back and pray for peace.
Each anniversary, at exactly 0815 local time, Hiroshima becomes silent as the half million inhabitants reflect on the massive explosion 25 years ago. Many who survived the horror of the blast and those whose relatives have since died from the effects of the explosion attend a memorial ceremony at the Hiroshima peace park.
Later they release a thousand doves, symbols of peace, and at night lighted paper lanterns are floated down the Motoyasu River on a small wooden cross. Relatives make the lanterns for the soul of the dead. Borne slowly through the city by the river the lanterns pass the "atomic dome" - which stands today exactly as it did after the bomb had fallen.
The crews of the American aircraft which made the two atom raids on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, also remember. They include Jacob Beser, radar observer, and Kermit Behan, bombardier on the Hiroshima raid, as well as General Charles Sweeney, pilot of the aircraft which carried the atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki.