in the eyes of Northern Ireland's Catholic minority, the reputation of British troops maintaining order in the province reached its lowest point with the deaths on 'bloody Sunday', January 30th, of 13 people in clashes between soldiers and civilians in Londonderry.
(11916/70) SV PAN..Irish revolutionaries demonstrating, arms
SV Reflecting mirror PAN to men round table
CU Man loading shot-gun (9314/71)
GV British troops in street under fire by night and running for cover
MV Troops crunching with rifles and behind shelter
SCU British soldier takes aim with tear gas gun
CU Bullet holes in window
TV Young rioters hurl rocks
CU Bullet hole in windscreen
SCU Paramount sign, Leicester Square Underground
SVs damage inside (3 shots)
LV Damaged aqueduct
Tv Police at damaged canal bank
MV Policeman examines blast damage
(2085/65 & 1953/65) SV & SCU sir Roger Casement's coffin loaded on to gun carriage
SCU Army officers take salute
MV Coffin drawn away on gun carriage
SV Memorial TILT down to grave
CU Sign on grave (7767/69)
LV & SV IRA soldiers training
CU IRA men with automatic weapon (2 shots) (12246/71)
MVs and SCUs..arms cache (5 shots) (12246/71)
GV Entrance gate
LV GROUND TO AIR.. helicopter over camp TILT down and PAN TO SCU..of guard at entrance (9314/71)
CU Brian Faulkner speaks overlaid scenes of violence
SOUND STARTS: "I ask those....."
SOUND ENDS: ".....is sure".
FAULKNER: "I ask those who will quite seriously consider the use of internment powers as evil to answer honestly this question: Is it more of an evil than to allow the perpetrators of these outrages to remain at liberty. I cannot guarantee the action we have taken will bring this campaign swiftly to an end. We may yet have to endure much as a community. But if we endure with courage and steadiness, the utter defeat of terrorism is sure".
Initials ES. 1745 ES. 1705
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: in the eyes of Northern Ireland's Catholic minority, the reputation of British troops maintaining order in the province reached its lowest point with the deaths on 'bloody Sunday', January 30th, of 13 people in clashes between soldiers and civilians in Londonderry.
As a result the aims of the outlawed Irish Republican Army to drive the British troops out of the Province, and in the longer term to achieve a United Ireland, seem more realistic than ever before.
This film highlights the activities of the IRA, showing them in training, displaying their illicit weapons, and taking their place with ordinary Catholics in venerating Irish patriot Sir Roger Casement.
They originated as a continuation of the Sinn Feiners or Irish Republican Volunteers, who seceded from the Southern Irish Volunteers in 1914 over participation in the first World War.
They received german co-operation in the Easter Rising of 1916, which was quickly quelled by the British, and fought the newly-created Irish Free State in the Civil War of 1922.
Prime Minister Brian Faulkner's recent answer to them has been internment of the ringleaders, a policy hated by the Catholic minority. In the film he asks that outsiders should consider internment in its context.
SYNOPSIS: Somewhere in the Irish Republic extremist Irish revolutionaries display illicit arms. These men claimed in 1970 that the Irish Republican Army, whose aim they share, was not showing enough militancy. The Claim can hardly still be made. Since then the bombings and killings attributed to the IRA by the Northern Ireland and British Governments have steadily mounted, despite the use of internment of suspected IRA ringleaders without trial.
British troops, first introduced to try and restore order in 1969, have tended to lose the confidence of the Catholic minority as they met violence with violence in fighting the IRA. The British Army's reputation reached its lowest point with the deaths on 'bloody Sunday', January 30th. of 13 people in clashes with British soldiers in Londonderry.
Violence attributed to the IRA has a long history dating back to the early Years of this century. Typical incidents were the bombing of Leicester Square Tube station.....
..... and of the Grand Union Canal over the North Circular Road. Both these London incidents were in 1939.
The IRA has been outlawed int he south since 1931, but they share heroes like sir Roger Casement, whose remains were returned from England in 1965, with the ordinary Catholics of Eire. Sir Roger, executed for treason by the British in 1916, played a leading part in obtaining German co-operation for the Sinn Feiners in the Easter Rising of 1916. The Sinn Feiners had seceded Earlier from the Irish Republican Volunteers over participation in the First World War.
Now their direct descendants, men like these IRA soldiers filmed in training in southern Ireland during 1969, have carried on the battle to recover the six counties in the north so successfully that their aim of a United Ireland is again being considered by the British Government as a subject for negotiation at some future Conference of all the interests involved in the Irish problem. The scale of the IRA's military effort has never been in doubt. It was strongly brought home by the interception in Amsterdam of four tons of Czechoslovakian arms destined for the IRA, traced and discovered in 1971 by the co-operation of the British and Dutch authorities.
To combat the determination and professionalism of the IRA in the north, Prime Minister Brian Faulkner's controversial answer has been internment without trial. It is a policy hated by the Catholic minority, but he asks outsiders to understands in its context.