About one hundred members of the Opposition Janata Party's Youth Movement demonstrated outside the Pakistan and Soviet embassies in New Delhi on Sunday (23 March).
GV Guards outside Pakistan embassy in Delhi ZOOM TO Pakistan flag flying on top of building
SV Police putting up barricade at entrance to embassy
SV Demonstrators carrying placards and chanting
SV Police in foreground, demonstrators chanting and waving banners
CU Banners reading "Respect Simla Agreement release 40 Indian" and "We gave away your 100,000 send our 40 back"
SV Group of demonstrators chanting
GV Soviet Embassy guarded by police armed with batons
SV Soviet flag flying from top of embassy
SV Demonstrators arriving at embassy with banners reading "Down with Russians" and "Russian imperialists leave Afghanistan"
SV Demonstrators chanting and waving banners outside the embassy (3 shots)
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Background: About one hundred members of the Opposition Janata Party's Youth Movement demonstrated outside the Pakistan and Soviet embassies in New Delhi on Sunday (23 March). They were protesting against the continued detention of Indian Prisoners of War in Pakistan, and against the Soviet intervention in Afghanistan.
SYNOPSIS: The protest began outside the Pakistan embassy and police security was tight as the demonstrators approached. In June and early July 1972 following India's invasion of the then East Pakistan, President Bhutto of Pakistan and Indian Prime Minister Mrs. Gandhi met in Simla to sign an agreement providing that their two countries hold bilateral negotiations on mutual troops withdrawals, and the repatriation of prisoners of war. Under the agreement provision was made that foreign prisoners interned during the hostilities should be repatriated. India returned almost 100,000 Pakistani civilians and soldiers, but Pakistan is still holding forty Indians.
After their demonstration outside the Pakistan embassy the Janata youth members moved on the Soviet embassy. They carried banners denouncing Soviet intervention in Afghanistan and demanding immediate withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghan territory. India and the Soviet Union formalised their alliance through a treaty of friendship in 1971. But the recent Soviet invasion of Afghanistan has strained relations. The Indian economy is closely linked with the Middle East as a source of oil and foreign exchange earnings and the Janata Party fears repercussions from the Moslem states.