INTRODUCTION: The imposition of martial law in Poland has caused great concern in Western Europe and also in the Vatican where the Pope issued a plea for a return to sanity in his homeland on Wednesday (16 December).
France: SV M. Eugenensz Kulaga, Polish Ambassador in France speaking in French. (3 SHOTS)
SV Prime Minister Mauroy speaking in French to the French National Assembly. (2 SHOTS)
UK: CU Lord Carrington, British Foreign Secretary speaking.
VATICAN: GV ZOOM IN TO Pope Paul VI Audience Hall, crowd applauding (2 SHOTS) one with Polish flag.
GV Pope seated on dais speaking in Italian.
CU Crowd PULL OUT TO Pope shaking hands with people in crowd.
CARRINGTON: "In the light of current events in Poland we certainly couldn't have met hers without issuing this signal of our concern which you will have seen. Particularly over the imposition of martial law and the detention of trade unionists and of our profound sympathy with the Polish people in this difficult time. We look to Poland to solve these problems herself without the use of force, so that the process of reform and renewal can continue. Events in Poland are a matter for Poles and neither we nor anyone else should interfere and we shall follow these events with attention and remain in close consultation."
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Background: INTRODUCTION: The imposition of martial law in Poland has caused great concern in Western Europe and also in the Vatican where the Pope issued a plea for a return to sanity in his homeland on Wednesday (16 December). In France President Francois Mitterrand strongly condemned what he called the loss of public and individual freedoms in Poland. The French government also issued an unconfirmed, report about casualties in Poland since the state of emergency was announced there on Sunday (13 December).
SYNOPSIS: HOLD SOUND: CUE AT 0.03
The Polish Ambassador in Paris, M. Eugenensz Kulaga, declined to comment on measures taken by the military in his country in enforcing the states of emergency. Speaking on French television, the ambassador would not say whether martial law was an alternative to intervention by the Soviet Union. M. Kulaga insisted that the Polish authorities had the situation in his country under control and that they could resolve the current problems. He added that Poland's priority was a revival of the country's economy.
The French Prime Minister, M. Pierre Mauroy, speaking in the National Assembly spoke of the need to keep calm and not to make any comment likely to worsen the situation. However later on Wednesday (16 December) evening, M. Mauroy, citing diplomatic reports reaching the French capital , said that nine people had been killed and some 45,000 arrested since Sunday's (13 December) military takeover in Poland. In London, the British Foreign Secretary, Lord Carrington, hoped that force would be avoided.
At the Vatican a large crowd, some with Polish flags, gathered to hear Pope John Paul make his most outspoken comments so far about martial law in his homeland. He firmly underlined the right of all Poles to determine their own future and warned Poland's military rulers against the use of violence. He voiced his appeal carefully to avoid any direct attack on the Warsaw authorities but urged those in power to find a solution through dialogue and not by force. Looking tired but calm the Pontiff shook hundreds of hands as he slowly made his way down the Vatican's huge Audience Hall. His message will be taken home by the Polish pilgrims there if they can get back into the country.