Conflicting reports are being received about the fighting taking place along the mountainous border between the Yemen Arab Republic in the north and the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen in the south.
GV Yemeni forces advance on fortification (3 shots)
LV Tank moves forward (2 shots)
LV Troops advance into smoke (3 shots)
GV Explosion in fortress
CU "NLF" and other political posters in Aden (2 shots)
LV & CU Machine gun position at check-point (2 shots)
SV & CU Armed guards searching civilians and their vehicles (3 shots)
SV & GV Sign and deserted British military installation
GV & LV Barbed wire around deserted barracks
SV Armed men and crowd walking in street
LV & SV Soldiers display captured trucks and arms (3 shots)
SV & CU Mortars and shells displayed (3 shots)
GV Soviet destroyer in Aden harbour
SV ZOOM OUT FROM Missile launcher to bow of ship
SCU President Ali and party walk to dockside
SCU Radio operator with ship in background
SV PAN & GV President on board ship touring facili???
Initials ESP/1620 CH/MR/BB/1621
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Background: Conflicting reports are being received about the fighting taking place along the mountainous border between the Yemen Arab Republic in the north and the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen in the south.
The Yemen Arab Republic has claimed that southern troops have captured the strategic border town of Qataba, killing fifty civilians, after aircraft of the South Yemeni Air Force, piloted by Soviet pilots, had attacked the town.
South Yemen, on the other hand, denies the charges, calling them a ruse to "distort facts and cover up the aggression by regular North Yemeni Troops and 'mercenaries'" which resulted in the loss of four villages.
The border between the two countries has been an area of conflict since the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen gained its independence from Britain in November 1967. At that time supporters of the monarchy were forced to seek refuge from the Marxist National Liberation Front in the mountainous highlands bordering North Yemen and in sympathetic neighbouring countries. Royalists has been battling to return to power since 1962 when the Republicans, allegedly supported by Egypt, took control.
Both North and South receive arms and advisers from the Soviet Union, although Soviet influence in the North has been waning in the past few years. In 1968, both countries even joined forces to defeat Royalist tribesmen in North Yemen. But since that time, tensions have increased as the South has continued incursions into the North in pursuit of rebels using the area for refuge.
Saudi Arabia, which borders both Yemens, has been sympathetic to the Royalist cause. And South Yemen has accused Saudi Arabia of giving supplies and sanctuary to them. Earlier this year South Yemen displayed a number of arms and trucks captured from the rebels. Most of the weapons bore the United States Aid insignia.
While South Yemen has requested a cease-fire in the latest hostilities, a solution may prove difficult. Both nations are members of the Arab League and the league is preparing to send a team to both countries on Wednesday (4 October). Obstacles to ending the dispute are ideological differences, mutual distrust and the concentration in the North of elements opposed to the ruling National Liberation Front in the South.