In South Korea, dissident leader Kim Dae-Jung, and another twenty-three defendants have gone on trial.
GV Civilian rebels driving military tanks through street of Kwanju as demonstrators cheer them (3 SHOTS
GV Civilian in mask carrying rifle and clambering aboard truck.
GV Bodies on stretcher being loaded into back of truck.
CU Body on back of truck.
GV Crowds milling around truck carrying bodies.
GVs Burning jeep in street. (2 SHOTS)
GV INTERIOR Courtroom in Seoul TRACK right across room behind spectator.
CU PULL BACK TO SV PAN Row of accused seated and flanked by helmeted soldiers.
SV & CU Various accused person listening to indictment. (5 SHOTS)
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: In South Korea, dissident leader Kim Dae-Jung, and another twenty-three defendants have gone on trial. They are charged with having conspired to overthrow the government and seize power through a popular uprising. Mr. Kim had been the main political opponent of the late President Park Chung-Hee, who narrowly defeated him in the 1971 presidential election. If convicted, he faces a possible death sentence. Their arrests came during unrest that has troubled the country for the past 12 months. In May this year, there was fighting in the streets of Kwanju -- capital of South Korea's depressed province of Cholla -- between the army and rebels demanding the repeal of martial law.
SYNOPSIS: Thousand of people including miners armed with explosives, poured int Kwanju from the countryside to join militants, whose numbers rose to about two hundred thousand -- a quarter of Kwanju's population. They raided armours, took over army vehicles, broke into a factory and seized armoured personnel carries. They drove though the streets in army trucks and jeeps with sirens blaring.
Fighting these rebels were an estimated ten thousand crack government troops. The acting Prime Minister, General Park Choon-Hung, broadcast from outside the city, asking them to lay down their arms. Kwanju residents said at least fifty people died in the violence, while civil rights sources estimated that between one hundred and three hundred people had been killed. This violence happened four days (21 May) after Kim Dae-Jung had been arrested. Other charges against him include violating national security, anti-communist, foreign exchange and martial laws.
The trial began on Thursday (14 August) in the capital, Seoul. The defendants include four professors from Seoul University, four former opposition member of the National Assembly, and six university students. The hearing of the general court martial began with the reading of a one-hundred-and -fifty-six page indictment against Mr. Kim, alleging he had contacted a North Korean spy thirteen years ago. The chief prosecutor, Army Lieutenant-Colonel, Chung Ki-Young, said that, in the immediate post World War Two years, Mr. Kim had been an active Communist operating through various pro-North Korean organisations in South Korea. The Colonel accused Kim of meeting with a North Korean spy, Chung Tae-Mok, who allegedly helped him in the parliamentary elections. Chung was executed for spying in 1972.