As Nazi Germany invaded Poland Sept 1 1939. Russian leader Joseph Stalin protectively pushed Soviet?
TOP V PAN..of Helsinki.
SV PAN..President Kallio shakes hands.
SV Minister without Portfolio Passikivi and Tanner Foreign Minister, out of train.
SV Crowd of onlookers.
SCU Passikivi and Tanner on platform.
LV Parliament building.
SV Premier Cajander arrives at parliament.
SV Field Marshal Mannerheim, Commander Armed Forces (wearing cross) towards with two officers.
GV Digging trenches in park.
SV Pasting paper strips over windows.
LV People on station platform (evacuation).
SV Evacuees into train.
GV Deserted Helsinki street.
GV Fields on border.
LV TOWARDS.. Finnish cavalry through trees.
LV Troops march towards border.
LV Barbed wire on border.
SV Colonel Polittila looks at map.
GV PAN..Troops and equipment in forest.
SV Finnish troops pick up rifles and run.
SCU Soldiers climbs into armoured car.
CU Soldier at sights.
SV PAN..Gun and crew.
SHOT..Russian planes in air over Helsinki.
LV People run in street.
SHOT Russian planes in air.
GV Smoke and debris in street, people run.
SV Old lady runs.
ANGLE SHOT..Flames on roof of building.
GV Flames around coaches and cars in street.
SV Flames in street.
LV Bomb explodes on building.
SV Flag flies on President's residence (Independence Day) 1939.
SV President Kallio walks into doorway of residence.
GV Putting coffins on hand carts at church.
CU Coffin in hand cart past camera.
Back V.. Procession of coffins.
GV Bombs drop on Viborg.
SHOT..Russian planes in air.
LV PAN..Bombs burst on Viborg.
SV PAN UP..Fireman fight blazing building.
GV Blazing building.
SV Showing icicles frozen on wreckage and buildings.
BACK V..Finnish ski troops and sleighs.
CU PAN OF..horse pulling sleigh.
GV Routed Russian lorries etc., in snow.
CU Picture of Stalin in wreckage.
SV PAN..Frozen Russian bodies in snow.
SV PAN..Frozen Russian bodies in snow.
LV PAN UP..Wreckage of Russian equipment.
SV Man distributes leaflets in Helsinki street.
SV Finnish soldier reads leaflet and throws away disgusted.
SV INT.SHOT..Finnish Minister in London, Mr. Gripenberg.
CU Mr. Gripenberg talks. (SOF)
SV Peace Treaty documents.
CU Hammer and Sickle crest in Russian document.
CU Signatures on document, Russian Foreign Minister Molotov at top, Tanner at bottom.
CU Finnish signatures on document.
LV People push belongings on sleighs leaving ceded territory.
SV Family look at dwelling for last time and leave.
LV People on sleighs leaving.
Initials TDH/V/PB AHS/PB
EDITORS PLEASE NOTE: MARCH 13th 1960 IS THE 20th ANNIVERSARY OF THE RUSSO-FINNISH ARMISTICE SIGNING. THIS FILM, WHICH COVERS EVENTS OF 1939 and 1940 LEADING UP TO THE ARMISTICE, IS SUPPLIED FOR YOUR USE AT ANY TIME DURING THE NEXT FEW DAYS.
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: As Nazi Germany invaded Poland Sept 1 1939. Russian leader Joseph Stalin protectively pushed Soviet territorial claims into Poland, and military outposts into Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. He then asked for a Mutual Assistance Pact with Finland, and offered to cede Karelian lands in return for some strategic islands near Leningrad, relinquishment of some Finnish territory in the South East and far North, and garrison privileges in Hangoe.
In an attempt to avert hostilities, Foreign Minister Tanner and Minister without Portfolio Passikivi went to Moscow to negotiate the Russian claims. They returned unsuccessful to Helsinki.
November 30 1939 Russian attacked Finland's eastern frontiers all the way from the Arctic peninsula of Rybachi, through the eastern forest and swamp region down to the strong "Mannerheim Line" below Lake Ladoga. Warships and aircraft pounded the southern coastal region.
Finland's energetic defence drew international sympathy and assistance from volunteer bodies. The League of Nations expelled Russia from membership Dec 14 1939.
After 105 days of heavy fighting, the vast manpower of Russia overwhelmed Finnish resistance, and they were pushed back to Viipuri. Britain and France prepared and offered an expeditionary force but Finland did not call for it.
On March 13 1940 a four-man Finnish delegation, led by Premier Riti went to Moscow and signed a treaty coding about ten per-cent of Finnish territory; (1) a strip in the North-East including the Rybachi peninsula; (2) the Karelian isthmus including Wiipuri; (3) all the Finnish shore-line of Lake Ladoga. Russia also obtained 30-year lease on Hangoe Peninsula, transit privileges across Petsamo, and a railroad connection between the White Sea and the Gulf of Bothnia.