INTRODUCTION: East Germany is attempting to dispense entirely with coal imports from Poland following serious cutbacks in supplies in the past few months.
GV bulldozer working in open mine. PAN TO large excavator on crest of mine.
SV Men working on excavator.
SV Men welding machinery parts. (3 SHOTS)
SV Men moving winch.
CU & SV Oil being tipped from barrel. (2 SHOTS)
TV ZOOM TO Men working on railway wagons.
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Background: INTRODUCTION: East Germany is attempting to dispense entirely with coal imports from Poland following serious cutbacks in supplies in the past few months. Industries which used Polish hard coal have been instructed to modify their equipment to burn domestically-produced lignite or brown coal. Polish coal exports have been depressed because of a shorter working week for miners.
SYNOPSIS: In North Cottbus, near the Polish border east of Leipzig, three mines have been reopened and enlarged. Lignite which is less efficient, producing more smoke and ash than hard coal, is mined here by opencast or strip method. The method is cheaper, more efficient and practised broadly in the world, but has raised cries of outrage from environmentalists in some countries.
The cottbus mining area is rich in lignite deposits which should last well beyond the year 2000. Other lignite centres include Leipzig and Halle.
Modernisation of East German railways is also a part of government energy conservation plans. Transport is being shifted from roads to newly electrified railways and canals.