Women went to work in this country at the turn of the century, Companies found they didn't have any trouble adjusting to the dull, tedious work men didn't want.
Still-women at typewriters very old B/W.
GV Women at typewriters.
GV Women in Office.
Genevieve Glass at work (engineering)
Men and Women engineers at work.
Women construction workers at work.
Women at desks - adding machines, telexes, phones etc.
Fashion store - Edith Grimm, walks around.
Edith Grimm speaks.
Reporter to camera.
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: Women went to work in this country at the turn of the century, Companies found they didn't have any trouble adjusting to the dull, tedious work men didn't want.
Today most women are at the same tedious job and earn only half men earn.
But in few industries they are making some progress.
Women have been at telephone company switchboards since 1880.
At the Ohio Bell Company most of the women were still at the switchboard in 1966: Then this woman, Genevieve Glass, a clerk filed a sex discrimination complaint with the Federal Government. She said because she's a woman Ohio Bell would net give her a job traditionally held by men, a job that would pay her at least $50 a week more; the Government agreed; she got the job and was officially called an apparatus man.
Ohio Bell since opened all of its jobs to women.
During World War II factories had to rely on riveter: When the War ended and the men came home she was promptly fired.
Now there is another shortage of men and companies like Republic Steel are now hiring women. Rosie is back in the mill and the company likes her work; but when the emergency ends she will probably be fired again. On the white collar level women still start lower and move up slower; there's a bigger variety of jobs to them, but the executive ranks are still closed to them. Only 1% of the 31m. working women in the U.S.A. earn $10,000 p.a. or more.
One outstanding success among women is Edith Grimm who is Vice President of the Carson Perry Scott Department Store in Chicago. She admits she made it in spite of men not because of them.
'I find men very easy to work with, I find that if you recognise certain basic facts like the fact that the male had a big age and must be protected if becomes a sort of unconscious part of your operation you don't have to think of it every second but neither can you forget it'
So it can be done, a women can be a success in a business world, but it takes an exceptional women and she will be fighting mens prejudices all the way.